In order to ensure employment of the population, including youth, the Government is implementing the Program for the Development of Productive Employment and Mass Entrepreneurship (hereinafter - the Program).
The main goal of the Program is to involve self-employed, unemployed and other persons without qualifications, including youth in productive employment by solving tasks in the following three areas:
1) mass training and inculcation of skills in demanded professions and the basics of entrepreneurship;
2) creating conditions for mass entrepreneurship;
3) development of the labor market through assistance in employment and support of labor mobility.
As of May 1, 2018, 55.9 thousand young people or 34.8% of the total number of participants (160.6 thousand people) were included in the program.
In the first direction, two mechanisms are used in the training measures:
The first mechanism – this is a free vocational education on the basis of colleges up to 2.5 years, primarily for young people under 24 years of age, who did not enter school after graduation.
In 2017, this training covered 21,300 young people and continues training for today.
The second mechanism – short-term dual training courses, for a period of 1 to 6 months, on the basis of colleges and training centers at enterprises that are included in the register of the Scientific and Production Enterprise "Atameken".
Training can take place all unemployed, self-employed, who need to obtain the skills and knowledge demanded in the labor market.
Also, under the Program in the pilot mode, short-term training is carried out in remote settlements through mobile training centers.
In the first direction since the beginning of the year, 6,300 young people have been short-term vocational education. Of these, 447 people completed their studies, of which 101 people were employed.
In the second direction there is an expansion of microcredit instruments, both in rural areas and in cities.
The main task is to ensure access to microcredits for the self-employed and unemployed, including those who do not have sufficient collateral to open their business or expand the existing one.
Microcredits will be provided at 6% per annum for a period of up to 7 years, up to 8 thousand MCI, while with insufficient collateral, a loan guarantee mechanism will be applied up to 85% for beginners and up to 50% for existing entrepreneurs.
Training in the basics of entrepreneurship "Bastau-Business" is conducted through the NPP, with the involvement of special trainers and successful businessmen and practitioners.
As of May 1, 2018, 488,000 young people were trained in the basics of entrepreneurship.
In accordance with the Program, microcredit in cities is carried out through second-tier banks, microfinance organizations (hereinafter referred to as MFIs). The operator is JSC "FED" Damu ".
In rural settlements and small towns microcrediting is carried out through the JSC "Fund for Financial Support of Agriculture", credit partnerships and MFIs, the operator is Agrarian Credit Corporation JSC.
As of May 1, 2018, only 11 young people received microcredits, 9 of which opened their own business.
The third direction of the Program includes the following tasks:
1) assistance in providing employment for the unemployed and self-employed: social vocational guidance, assistance in choosing a profession, advice on training and employment, finding suitable vacancies and assisting in finding a job, creating social jobs, organizing youth practices, organizing public works.
2) increase of labor mobility: within the framework of the task of labor mobility, it is envisaged to provide state support to persons who voluntarily resettle in regions determined by the Government.
3) creation of a single digital platform for employment. It is proposed to create a single information base of the labor market, or the Labor Exchange, to find work, support employment of certain categories of citizens and mobility of labor resources.
This work will be carried out on the basis of the existing platform enbek.kz.
As of May 1, 2010, under the third direction of the Program, 25,800 young people have been employed for vacant jobs from the database, 3.9 thousand young people have social jobs, 10.4 thousand young people have youth practice and for public works - 10.6 thousand young people.
As a result of the measures taken within the Program, the level of youth unemployment in the first quarter of 2018 was 4.1%.