Today, during a briefing at the site of the press center of the Government, Vice Minister of labor and social protection of the population of RK Svetlana Zhakupova spoke about the innovations of the National plan on ensuring the rights and improving the quality of life of persons with disabilities in the Republic of Kazakhstan until 2025.
Kazakhstan has approved a National plan on ensuring the rights and improving the quality of life of persons with disabilities until 2025. The aim is to ensure the strategy, composition and consistency of coordinated actions of all parties involved towards improving the quality of life and ensuring the rights of persons with special needs.
"The ideology of the National plan is formed in such a way that no sphere can independently develop and be supported only in one direction. Because every sphere of life with persons. In order to ensure the quality of life, the services provided, this National plan was formed and adopted," S. Zhakupova said.
The National plan includes seven priority directions including 64 events:
prophylactic and prevention of disability;
accessibility of education;
comprehensive accessibility and barrier-free environment;
economic autonomy and quality employment;
improving the effectiveness of social rehabilitation and habilitation;
modernization of the social service system;
modernization of public consciousness.
The first direction, “Prophylactic and prevention of disability”, provides for close interconnection in coordination of activity with the Ministry of health care.
"Today's indicators point that this interconnection should be continuous. For example, even the prevention of prophylactic and rehabilitation. If rehabilitation in our country today is provided only by the protection bodies in the form of sanatorium treatment, now the National plan provides for the continuity of rehabilitation even at the level of outpatient, inpatient and sanatorium treatment," S. Zhakupova explained.
Such events as expanding the list of diseases for which screening is carried out for the purpose of early intervention in the detection and prevention of the disease itself are also identified. These multidisciplinary teams must work in a coordinated manner in order not to access the aggravation of the disease itself, its consequences and disability.
According to S. Zhakupova, in terms of the second direction "Accessibility of education", the work on ensuring the accessibility of educational institutions for children will be carried out. For today, only 4 thousand of 7 thousand of educational institutions are ready to accept children with special needs. At the same time, the Vice Minister pointed out that the National plan will pay attention on the creation of a certain educational base for children, taking into account their special needs.
"Together with the Ministry of education, we will pay special attention to educational programs, training of teaching staff so that they can work with children with special needs, the creation of institutional foundations, such as online learning," S. Zhakupova said.
Today in Kazakhstan more than 15 thousand children study at home. In order to socialize these children and enable them to study in schools, the MTSPP, together with the Ministries of education and science, health care plans to develop a list of diseases for which home schooling will be shown and, accordingly, the need and opportunity for the child to study also in the classroom will be determined. If it is possible to study in the classroom, these children will go to school like all other children, but if the child does not have such an opportunity, he will be given the right to participate in the learning process remotely. This reform will be implemented at all levels of education.
In the third direction "Integrated accessibility and barrier-free environment" this year, more than 1,300 objects will be adapted to the needs of people with disabilities.
"Since 2015, our Ministry has implemented an accessibility Map. On this Map, we have more than 31 thousand objects that have already been certified and, accordingly, more than 20 thousand objects have a certain degree of availability. In the future, 21 thousand objects should be adapted. The task is to adapt more than 1,300 objects this year," S. Zhakupova said.
The fourth direction, "Economic independence and quality employment", includes measures on providing vocational guidance to persons with special needs, quality support of employment and incentives of employers.
As of January 1, 2019, among 411 thousand people with disabilities of working age, more than 27% work — 111.5 thousand people with disabilities (during the year at least once contributions had been). Vocational guidance and rehabilitation centres for people with special needs will be created, and support for persons with disabilities in employment will be introduced. Mentors will help to adapt to the working process, guide and assist if necessary. In addition, the subsidization of the employer's costs for the creation of special jobs for the employment of persons with disabilities will be continued
The fifth direction "Improving the effectiveness of social rehabilitation and habilitation" is aimed at ensuring the full integration of persons with disabilities, in terms of which a comprehensive approach to social rehabilitation and habilitation of persons with special needs will be implemented .
The sixth direction "Modernization of social service system" will improve the quality of social services through effective interaction of social services. An integrated model of rendering social services will be introduced, when an interdepartmental team of social workers from different spheres will render the service in a comprehensive manner.
The seventh direction "Modernization of public consciousness" is aimed at the development of the image of a person with special needs as a full participant in the life of society.
In general, the implementation of the National plan will make it possible to comprehensively solve the issues of ensuring the rights and improving the quality of life of our citizens with disabilities.