Dear Kasym-Zhomart Kemeluly, colleagues!
Let me express my gratitude to Elbasy and You for the decisions taken to increase incomes and improve the quality of life of the population.
In 2019, 3.4 trillion tenge were allocated for social provision and support. tenge. In the whole, there are 39 types of social benefits in the country.
This year, the wages of employees have been increased twice.
The increase of the minimum wage allowed to increase the income of about 1.3 million people and, since June, more than 1.4 million state and civil servants have got the wage in increased size.
Today, more than 2.1 million pensioners live in the country. Last year, the relationship between work experience and the amount of the basic pension payment was strengthened.
In connection with the collapse of the solidarity system, it is necessary to increase the importance of the funded pension system.
Today, about 6 million citizens or about 70% of the employed population participate in the pension system. Pension contributions are paid from 45% of the labor compensation fund in the country. About 85% of participants transferred pension contributions from income up to 85 000 tenge.
There is a low level of confidence of depositors in the pension system. The National Bank together with the Government proposes to take measures to increase the attractiveness of the funded pension system.
Currently, 685 thousand people with disabilities live in Kazakhstan. 324 billion tenge was allocated for their social protection in 2019 (in 2018 – 294 billion tenge).
Since July, together with the akimat of Aktobe region, we have been working on the pilot of the social services Portal. On the Portal, persons with disabilities can choose special social services according to their needs. Since August, they will be able to receive technical means of rehabilitation.
This year, the National plan to ensure the rights and improve the quality of life of persons with disabilities until 2025 was adopted.
At the same time, there are a number of issues that cannot be resolved without the joint efforts of interested state bodies.
To date, the availability of social infrastructure objects has not been ensured. Greater result can be obtained by taking appropriate measures at the stage of designing, construction or before the launch of public transport in operation.
Addressed social assistance is provided to support low-income citizens. Today, the ASA was paid to more than 291 thousand families or more than 1.4 million people. Among 413 thousand able-bodied recipients, 86 thousand people fall under the active employment measures, in which 60 thousand people are employed (71%).
According to Your instructions, Kassym-Zhomart Kemeluly, an additional 70.1 billion tenge were allocated to support low-income citizens.
To provide addressed social assistance, determine the degree of need of each Kazakhstan family, together with the MPR, social maps of families have been formed.
1.7 million people received social support at the expense of MPR in the amount of 28.8 billion tenge.
The main task of the ASA is to get out of the state of need. However, today rendering cash assistance is dominated. The Akimats receive funds and pay of ASA at the places, without taking additional measures for the retraining and employment.
It is necessary to actively and effectively use the opportunities of State Programs. Only in this case a person will be able to get out of the state of need and realize his potential.
However, the facts of overpayments, the formal work of the district commission, uncertainty of income and etc. continues to appear in the places.
To improve the income and quality of life of citizens akimats need to provide:
- absence of wage arrears;
- formalization of labor activity;
- reduction of unemployment;
- creation of favourable and safe labor conditions;
- creation of new jobs.
In the first half of this year, about 20% of recipients of social benefits from among individual entrepreneurs paid pension contributions from the minimum, and social contributions from the maximum income.
In this regard, we consider it necessary for the Ministry of Finance to strengthen the accounting and monitoring of the activities of employers, in particular unscrupulous individual entrepreneurs, as well as to ensure the repayment of existing debts.
In terms of the Program "Enbek" for the first half of 2019, 281 thousand people were covered by employment measures, 198 thousand of them were employed. However, pension contributions are paid only for 70% of them.
In 2019, in terms of the implementation of social measures of the Elbasy "ALEUMETTIK KAMKORLYK", state grants for new business ideas (505 thousand tenge) and preferential micro-loans are provided for the development of entrepreneurship and increasing incomes of 15 thousand large families, persons with disabilities, youth.
There are also short-term training in popular professions and employment for social jobs at home.
Since the beginning of this year, a pilot project "Nurly Ertis" has been implemented on behalf of the Elbasy, in terms of which 78 large families have been relocated to Ekibastuz from Nur-Sultan, who are fully provided with housing, kindergartens, and other social support measures. We will continue this work.
New projects "Zhas maman" and "Zhas kasipker", youth practice are implemented to support youth employment.
In three years, 200 thousand young specialists will be trained in the 100 most popular professions on the basis of modernized educational institutions.
In addition, according to Your instructions, employment measures have been significantly strengthened.
Due to the additional allocation of funds, more than 56 thousand people will have the opportunity to develop business initiatives through micro-loans and receiving state grants. 70% of the allocated funds will be directed in support of rural areas.
Training coverage will grow by more than two times. About 70% of the funds will be directed to support youth.
The balance of supply and demand for labor resources will be provided through a new three-level model of forecasting labor resources (short -, medium-, long-term basis).
In the training process, it is necessary to ensure the close participation of the broad strata of society, large companies and enterprises through:
- training in the dual system of education;
- implementation with the participation of ERG Atlas of popular professions for career guidance of youth.
Our joint actions should have an advanced nature of the provision of services, including through the creation of mobile employment centres in crowded places.
This contributes to the personal identification and prompt provision of employment promotion measures in a proactive format.
Monitoring of job creation is provided through the information system "Map of job creation".
For the 1 half of this year, the wage arrears in the amount of 3.4 billion tenge were repaid. The rights of about 25 thousand employees are protected.
The government has approved Road Maps to prevent labor conflicts and reduce industrial injuries and jobs with harmful and dangerous labor conditions.
A Bill, which provides for the consolidation of the duties and responsibilities of employers to create equal labor conditions for employees, the introduction of a modern management system of labor protection, the transition to electronic labor contracts, the transformation of population employment centers, outsourcing of services by private employment agencies, has also been developed.
Dear Kasym-Zhomart Kemelevich, the Ministry will execute all orders in time.