Priorities of activity of the Ministry in socially - labour sphere for 2004 are certain by the Program of the Government of Republic Kazakhstan for 2003-2006, and according to the problems put by the Head of the state in the Message and performance at opening of the first session of again selected Mazhilis of Parliament RK. They are directed on carrying out of active policy of employment, improvement of a standard of living of the population, perfection of labour attitudes, maintenance of social support invalid and needy, the further development of rehabilitation measures. With a view of realization of priorities the ministry for the expired year has lead work on perfection of legislative and normative legal base of all directions of activity and институциональному to development.
Now the project of the Labour Code is directed by governmental order РК on consideration to Parliament of Republic Kazakhstan.
Within the limits of perfection of the labour legislation by the ministry: inventory of operating normative legal certificates in РК by results of which the decision on revision of 7 normative legal certificates is accepted is lead.
In realization of the Law « About safety and a labour safety », accepted in February, 2004, the project of the Program of a safety and a labour safety of Republic Kazakhstan for 2005-2007 which has passed the coordination with the interested ministries and social partners is developed and directed on consideration to the Government of Republic Kazakhstan.
The purpose of the program is development of actions on maintenance of favorable working conditions on manufacture, to the prevention and preventive maintenance of an industrial traumatism, preservation of a life and health of the person during work due to preparation and realization of legal, organizational-technical and social and economic measures.
According to the primary goals on realization of the state control over observance by employers of requirements of the labour legislation by the state inspectors of work of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the population of Republic Kazakhstan per 2004 18236 checks and inspections of the organizations are lead, that on 9,2 % there is more than parameter of 2003. During checks 129819 infringements, including concerning the legislation on safety and a labour safety – 74668 have been revealed, that makes 57,5 % from the general number of infringements, about work – 52120 (40,1 %) and employment of the population – 3343 (2,4 %)
On the revealed infringements concerning legal and officials of the organizations state inspectors of work bear 20978 instructions about elimination of infringements, including concerning the legislation on safety and a labour safety – 10385, about work – 9230, employment of the population – 1363, and also 4743 penalties for a total sum 63,3 million tenge are imposed, thus the sum of the collected penalties has made 56,4 million tenge.
Besides by virtue of threat of a life and to health of workers on workplaces, state inspectors of work had been suspended 3138 units of various mechanisms, machine tools and the equipment and 154 industrial objects.
For various infringements of the legislation on safety and a labour safety, led a mutilation of workers, from work 404 responsible persons of the organizations, on the materials directed by state inspectors of work in law enforcement bodies are released, concerning 115 officials criminal cases are raised, that on 11 % there is more than parameter of 2003.
By results of accepted state inspectors of work of measures of legal reaction by employers had been eliminated 114517 infringements, it makes 88,2 % from the general number of infringements of the labour legislation.
With a view of the prevention of infringements of the labour legislation and an industrial traumatism, the state inspectors of work had been organized 1939 seminars and employment in the organizations of republic, that on 40,2 % 749 publications and performances in mass-media on legal aspects of labour attitudes, safety and a labour safety there is more than parameter 2003 (1383), and also.
Besides in 2004 on 11,9 % the number of references of citizens behind the help on protection of their labour rights, and also behind explanations consultations concerning, the adjustable labour legislation which quantity has made 10761, including 7720 concerning labour attitudes has increased. Under all references and applications of citizens corresponding answers and explanations, and in the cases demanding operative intervention have been given, departures of state inspectors of work the purpose of finding-out of an essence of the conflict and acceptance of measures of legal reaction were carried out.
The analysis of an industrial traumatism shows, that the general number of victims in the organizations of republic in the accounting period has decreased on 9,8 %. The Total of victims on manufacture in 2004 has made 3041 person against 3373 victims in 2003. On 12,4 % the total of the suffered women – 385 against 453 in 2003 has decreased also.
The total of group accidents, происшедших in 2004, has made 83, that on less on 12,6 % of 2003. However the quantity of victims in them workers has exceeded a parameter of 2003 on 8,3 %.
Principal causes, accidents on manufacture infringements of labour and industrial discipline, and also safety requirements and labour safeties, not maintenance of training of workers to safe receptions of works and instructing on safety and a labour safety are the unsatisfactory organization of manufacture of works. The Significant amount of workers also has suffered as a result of road and transport incidents for the reasons independent of them.
With a view of creation of higher level of working conditions, according to the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan, from last year the Republican state state enterprise, « the Republican scientific research institute on a labour safety » operates. The circle of its basic functions includes carrying out of scientific researches in the field of conditions, safety and labour safeties, and also improvement of professional skill of the state inspectors of work, technical officers and other experts in the field of safety and a labour safety.
At the ministry the Information centre on safety and a labour safety for maintenance of the interested subjects of labour attitudes (employers, trade union, workers) by the information in sphere of safety and hygiene of work is created. Trained at courses of improvement of qualification the opportunity to use computers, legislative base and information materials on problems of safety and the labour safeties acting in the Ministry from various sources (is given to conference, seminars, meetings, results of investigations of accidents on manufacture, etc.).
Situation on a labour market
Steady rates of economic growth of Kazakhstan render positive influence on a labour market of republic which is characterized by stable increase in number borrowed in economy and decrease in a rate of unemployment.
According to Agency RK according to in economy of republic have been borrowed 7,1 million person, on more on 0,4 %, than in previous to year.
To improvement of a situation on a labour market on decrease in poverty in Republic Kazakhstan realization of the Program influences 2003-2005. So, the rate of unemployment in 2004 (preliminary data) has made 8,4 percent (in 2003 - 8,8). In a cut of regions its lowest level is observed in the East Kazakhstan and Pavlodar areas.
The Similar situation develops and on registered by bodies concerning employment a labour market (a share registered jobless – 1,5 % to economically active population). As a whole on the country number of the registered unemployeds as of January, 1st, 2005 has made 117,7 thousand чел. Or has decreased in comparison with corresponding date of previous year for 17,6 %.
In bodies concerning employment behind labour intermediary in 2004 has addressed 282,0 thousand citizens. In comparison with 2003 their number is more on 8,4 thousand person. The third part from the addressed citizens, or 93,2 thousand person, are inhabitants of a countryside.
The greatest quantity of the addressed citizens is marked in Karaganda - 48,8 thousand чел. (including on a countryside – 9,0 thousand чел.), East Kazakhstan – 32,2 thousand чел. (9,4 thousand чел.), and also in South-Kazakhstan – 25,5 thousand чел. (9,9 thousand чел.), Almaty – 20,6 thousand чел. (11,0 thousand чел.) and Pavlodar – 20,2 thousand чел. (6,5 thousand чел.) areas.
With assistance of bodies of employment in 2004 it is employed 167,5 thousand person or 59,4 percent from the general number addressed (in 2003 – 56,5 percent). In a countryside it is employed 53,0 thousand чел. (56,9 percent from number of the addressed inhabitants of village).
Higher relative density of the employed citizens from number addressed (60 and more percent) is marked in Karaganda (78 %), Aktyubinsk and Almaty (72 %), Акмолинской (67 %), North-Kazakhstan (64 %) areas and city Almaty (86 %).
Besides various services render the population private agencies of employment, and also a number of the nongovernmental organizations. In 11 areas and the cities of Astanas, Almaty 82 private agencies assist in employment to citizens. Within 2004 concerning employment in them has addressed 19,9 thousand unemployeds. Relative density of the employed citizens from among addressed in private agencies of employment has made 34,2 percent (6,8 thousand person).
In public works in 2004 have taken part 136,2 thousand unemployeds (the annual task – 136,0 thousand) or 48,3 percent from number of the citizens who have addressed in bodies of employment, including inhabitants of a countryside - 61,7 thousand person (66,3 percent).
The greatest number of the unemployeds participated in public works, in Karaganda – 16,5 thousand чел., Aktyubinsk – 12,1 тыс, Кызылординской – 11,9 тыс, East Kazakhstan – 11,7 thousand, Almaty – 10,4 thousand jobless areas and city Almaty – 10,3 thousand
From the beginning of 2004 on carrying out of public works contracts with the organizations for the sum 2642,7 million tenge are concluded. For the amount of works executed by jobless citizens it is added 2592,9 million tenge from which it is actually financed 2589,4 million tenge.
Within the limits of the Program the complex of the measures directed on improvement of quality of a manpower and growth of competitiveness of citizens on a labour market is carried out. The primary goal – maintenance of branches of economy with the highly skilled professional staff with a view of innovative development of industrial production. With the purpose of creation of conditions jobless, including living in small cities and a countryside, on improvement of professional skill and reception of new trades by them together with the Ministry of Education and sciences are developed « Typical rules of the organization of course vocational training, retraining and improvement of professional skill of the personnel and experts of technical and serving work ».
For January-December, 2004 by bodies concerning employment are directed on vocational training, retraining and improvement of professional skill 27,2 thousand jobless citizens (the annual task – 22,3 thousand), against 26,4 thousand - per 2003.
Have finished training and retraining 26,9 thousand unemployeds or on 1,6 thousand person (6,2 percent) more in comparison with previous year.
Most of all unemployeds has finished training and retraining in Karaganda – 4,9 thousand, Almaty – 3,9 thousand, East Kazakhstan – 2,4 thousand, Кызылординской – 2,2 thousand areas and of Almaty – 2,3 thousand unemployeds.
From total of the unemployeds who have been last профобучение and retraining, 19,8 thousand person (73,5 percent) are employed, 1,9 thousand unemployeds have opened own business.
In republic in 2004 it is created 220,4 thousand workplaces, from them 110,3 thousand or 50,0 percent – in a countryside. From total of the created workplaces 147,1 thousand - constants, 73,3 thousand - time and seasonal. The significant number of constant workplaces is created in East Kazakhstan – 15,0 thousand and Almaty – 14,5 thousand areas.
In a cut of branches of economy the greatest relative density of the created new workplaces (constants) is observed in trade – 21,2 %, the industries – 18,8 %, construction and a municipal services – 17,2 %. An agriculture – 16,5 %.
At the same time, in work of bodies concerning employment essential lacks and omissions take place.
The lowest level of employment of unemployeds is marked in Кызылординской – (40,6 %), Мангистауской - (44,1 %), Атырауской - (45,8 %), Pavlodar - (46,7 %) and East Kazakhstan areas - (46,4 %).
As a whole on republic for January, 1st, 2005 on one free workplace 6 unemployeds, in a countryside - 44 applied. As practice, actual number of vacancies considerably above testifies, however in areas work on their revealing is insufficiently conducted. In the Aktyubinsk area in bodies concerning employment only 122 free workplaces or 0,6 % from the general number of vacancies on republic, in Кызылординской accordingly 145 0,8 %, for example, are declared or.
For the accounting period number of the unemployeds who have taken part public works, in comparison with the similar period of the last year in Almaty (on 20 %), West-Kazakhstan (17 %), Pavlodar (13 %), East Kazakhstan (8,4 %) and Акмолинской (7 %-s') areas has decreased.
The debts of unemployeds on the wages, participated on public works which for January, 1st, 2005 has made on republic 769,4 thousand tenge, from them continues to be kept: 414,0 thousand tenge - on Karaganda and 339 thousand tenge – on Жамбылской to areas.
Despite of growth as a whole on the country of the parameter describing scope by unemployeds by vocational training, in Костанайской, North-Kazakhstan, South-Kazakhstan and Мангистауской areas relative density directed on training колеблется within the limits of from 2,7 6,0 % up to from addressed, at среднереспубликанском a parameter – 9,6 %.
At the same time, work on employment of the unemployeds who have finished training in a direction of bodies of employment is insufficiently spent. In Мангистауской areas, for example, from 622 unemployeds trained in 2004 it is employed only 153 чел. (24,6 %), and in city Almaty, Жамбылской and Almaty areas are employed 52 %, 53 %-s' and 59 %-s' accordingly.
In a number of areas bodies concerning employment do not give due attention to maintenance of employment of repatriates (оралманов). So, if as a whole on republic from the general number looking work оралманов it is employed – 47,0 %, in Акмолинской, the East Kazakhstan areas and to Astana this parameter twice below среднереспубликанского.
In city Almaty, for example, from 47 оралманов, addressed assistance in employment, are employed only 8 person.
In view of occuring changes on a labour market, necessity of the further perfection of the legislation adjusting the attitudes in sphere of employment, reduction of norms of the law conformity with the international practice and the statistical reporting the bill of Republic Kazakhstan « About modification and additions in the Law of Republic Kazakhstan « About employment of the population » (is on consideration in Parliament of Republic Kazakhstan) is developed. The project assumes, in particular, creation of social workplaces; an establishment of a quota for employment of invalids, maintenance of employment of immigrants within the limits of the quota of migration of immigrants established according to the legislation; protection of the rights and interests of the citizens temporarily working abroad according to concluded interstate agreements (contracts) and a number of other norms.
Improvement of work on forecasting a supply and demand of a labour in a cut of specialities, to reduction of system of a professional training conformity with needs of economy will be promoted by creation, according to the assignment of the Assistant to the Prime minister of Republic Kazakhstan from 11/2/2004 2063/И800, to the Interdepartmental commission at the Government of Republic Kazakhstan on development of offers in the field of vocational training the national staff.
According to the Plan of measures on realization of the Program of the Government of Republic Kazakhstan for 2003-2006 the project of the Program of employment of the population of Republic Kazakhstan on 2005 - 2007 is developed. The purpose of the Program – maintenance of productive employment, reduction of unemployment, creation of workplaces. The project of the Program is coordinated with all interested ministries, agencies, Акимами areas, cities Almaty and Astana and is submitted to consideration of the Government of Republic Kazakhstan.
According to the Concept of differentiation of powers between levels of the government and perfection of the interbudgetary attitudes, approved governmental order РК from February, 10th, 2003 147, passes Law РК from January, 27th, 2004 524 the SECOND « About modification and of additions in the Law of Republic Kazakhstan « About employment of the population ». According to the given law of function of delivery of sanctions to attraction of a foreign labour for realization of labour activity on territories of a corresponding administrative unit since March, 1st, 2004 are transferred to local agencies.
The steadfast attention is paid to questions of regulation of migratory processes, prevention of illegal migration and protection of a home market of work.
With a view of protection of a home market of work by the Government of Republic Kazakhstan the quota on attraction of a foreign labour is annually established. According to the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan « About modification in the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from January, 12th, 2004 27 » from November, 18th, 2004 1215 for 2004 the quota is established at a rate of 0,28 % from economically active population., the increase in a quota at 0,7 percentage items as number of workers-migrants is included in the size of the general quota with low qualification is made for use on agricultural works in a frontier zone with the adjacent states.
As of January, 1st, 2005 on operative data of the authorized bodies concerning employment in republic 11,8 thousand foreign citizens works. In the organizations involving foreign experts, during the accounting period have been borrowed 240,6 thousand Kazakhstan citizens, it is created 25,9 thousand workplaces and it is retrained to new trades 11,3 thousand Kazakhstan citizens.
Minister leads a meeting with representatives of the American chamber of commerce on an explanation of new Rules of definition of a quota and delivery of sanctions to attraction of a foreign labour to Republic Kazakhstan. Meetings with the regional representative of the company « Би Джи Бритиш Gas in Kazakhstan » by David Skilzom, representatives of some the foreign companies, representatives of embassies of Korea, the Great Britain, the Chinese National Republic concerning increase in a quota at attraction of the foreign worker are lead.
The important role in the decision of pressing questions of social and labour attitudes is allocated activity of institute of social partnership and the Republican tripartite commission (РТК) on social partnership. For the accounting period of 2004 workers of the central device of the Ministry have prepared necessary materials and have taken part in 9 sessions of working groups and 4 sessions РТК. During sessions the most significant questions of sociolabor attitudes and, in particular, a question on creation of tripartite body on a labour safety, the Concept of perfection of the organization of wages in РК have been considered.
Monitoring the conclusion of regional tripartite agreements is carried out. As of December, 1st, 2004 170 tripartite agreements (from available 195 administrative and territorial units) are concluded.
Social partners are a part of the interdepartmental commissions, working groups of the Government on preparation and consideration of projects of laws and Programs of social and economic development.
Partner attitudes develop and during training seminars. So, representatives of the central device and territorial Departments of the Ministry have taken part in work of regional seminars « Development of market labour attitudes through social partnership », the free trade unions of Kazakhstan organized by Confederation and Confederation of work of Kazakhstan, concerning creation of the mechanism of the coordination of interests between authorities, employers and trade unions in sphere of work and labour attitudes.
Representatives of associations of workers and employers, НПО have taken part in round tables on discussion of the project of the Labour code.
In December of the expired year has been held the Forum of social partnership on which works for 10 years have been summed up and the program of the further actions of the parties of the social partnership, directed on maintenance of political stability, the public consent, economic efficiency and social protection is developed.
In a format of work on the further perfection of the mechanism of social partnership and according to Law РК « About social partnership in Republic Kazakhstan », the project of the General agreement for 2005-2006 is developed.
Questions of payment and normalization of work
According to the message of the President of Republic Kazakhstan from April, 4th, 2003 « the Basic directions internal and foreign policy for 2004 » and with a view of the further perfection of a payment since January, 1st, 2004 the minimal size wage is increased with 5000 up to 6600 tenges or by 32 percent in comparison with 2003.
Governmental order РК from January, 7th, 2004 89 « About modification and additions in the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from January, 11th, 2002 41 » according to which the wages are increased on the average by 20 percent is accepted and charge of surcharges and extra charges for working conditions to workers of the official bodies, not being civil servants, and the state enterprises is ordered. The given decision is put into operation since January, 1st, 2004.
In execution of subitem 2 of item 3 of the report of session РТК from January, 15th, 2004 2062/И106 has been considered modified in view of the brought offers representatives of employers (КРРК and ЕПА) the second variant of the project of the Concept of perfection of the organization of wages in Republic Kazakhstan and the letter from January, 26th т.г. 09-2-14/9606 to address of Federation of trade unions remarks and offers have been directed.
Offers on modification and additions in some acts of Republic Kazakhstan concerning a payment of workers of official bodies and the state enterprises (in view of the norms incorporated in the project of the Labour code of Republic Kazakhstan) are prepared.
With a view of reduction conformity with regulations about the Ministry of work and social protection of the population, the approved governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from October, 29th, 2004 1132, prepares offers on modification and additions in acts of Republic Kazakhstan.
Concerning normalization and payments are prepared offers on differentiation of functions and powers between levels of the government.
Are developed and approved by orders of the Minister of Labour and Social Protection of the population:
- « Rules of awarding, an establishment of extra charges to official salaries of workers of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the population of Republic Kazakhstan and rendering of material aid by it due to the means stipulated on the maintenance under the plan of financing of the budgetary program (subroutine) » (the order from August, 25th, 2004 187-»);
- « Rules of awarding, an establishment of extra charges to official salaries of executives of the organizations which are being in charge of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the population of Republic Kazakhstan, and rendering of material aid by it » (the order from November, 30th, 2004 274-»).
For development of offers on the further perfection of system of a payment of workers of the official bodies, not being civil servants, and workers of the state enterprises the working group created by the order Prime-minister - Minister of Republic Kazakhstan from March, 18th, 2004 71-Ó operates. The structure of the given working group included representatives of the interested state bodies, public organizations and deputies of Parliament of Republic Kazakhstan.
Developed by members of working group of the offer concerning a payment of workers of the official bodies, not being civil servants, and workers of the state enterprises are directed to the Government of Republic Kazakhstan (from 5/31/2004 №11--1-15/3356) and are placed for consideration the Republican budgetary commission (from 7/9/2004 11-1-14/4441, from 7/12/2004 11-1-14/4478, from 7/23/2004 11-1-14/4763, from 8/13/2004 11-1-14/5231, from 9/15/2004 11-1-14/5929).
For settlement of a payment of workers of the Museum of the First President of Republic Kazakhstan within the limits of the current legislation the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from September, 27th, 2004 985 « About entering addition into the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from January, 11th, 2002 41 » is accepted.
Work on the further perfection of system of a payment of workers of official bodies, and workers of the state enterprises will be continued within the limits of the specified working group.
With a view of creation of normative base on work work on participation in development and approbation of the Uniform тарифно-qualifying directory of works and trades of workers, the qualifying directory of posts of heads, experts and other employees according to decisions of the Advisory council on work, migration and social protection of the population of the states-participants CIS (in process of receipt) is carried out.
By the working group created by the order of Minister from June, 14th, 2004 135-» for development of offers on the further perfection of the State Qualifier of Republic Kazakhstan 01-99 « Qualifier of employment » it is held session (on July, 12th, 2004). The report of session is directed to all members of working group for work.
And offers on modification and additions the remarks presented by the state bodies are generalized and also directed to the named Qualifier of employment to members of working group. In total on the given question from the state bodies and other organizations has acted more than 70 offers.
With a view of regulation of charges on a payment, included in the prices (tariffs), typical specifications on work are considered and coordinated, normative number of the personnel of subjects, on production (services, works) which is entered state regulation of the prices (tariffs).
For 2004 it is submitted to consideration:
projects of typical norms on work – 109, from them it is coordinated – 46 projects, it is sent on completion – 63 projects;
calculations of normative number – 19, them them it is coordinated – 15, it is sent on completion - 4.
Order МТСЗН from June, 10th, 2004 130-» approves 36 releases of the Uniform тарифно-qualifying directory of works and trades of workers.
Expert inspection with a view of acknowledgement, specifications and checks of validity of projects of Specifications on work РГП « the Center under the real estate », РГП « Veterinary laboratory », РГП «Фитосанитария», РГП «Казаэронавигация», РГП «КазАлкоЦентр», РГКП « National institute of intellectual property of Committee on intellectual property rights of the Ministry of Justice of Republic Kazakhstan » working group with attraction of experts of regional bodies is lead.
According to the Law of Republic Kazakhstan « About the republican budget for 2005 » since January, 1st, 2005 the minimal size of wages will is established at a rate of 7000 tenges.
On the basis of the legal decision of the Republican budgetary commission on formation of the project of the budget from August, 23rd, 2004 27, considering necessity of observance of the legislation regarding an establishment of wages not below the minimal size of wages and preservation of interdigit differentiation in wages in the project of the budget for 2005 the increase in the sizes of factors for calculation of official salaries (rates) of workers of 1 and 2 categories is provided, i.e. the sizes will be established, accordingly, 1,07 and 1,09 (at preservation of the size of the base official salary at a level 6600 tenges).
In this connection, it is developed and submitted for consideration in the Government of Republic Kazakhstan on January, 18th, 2005 the project of the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan « About entering additions and changes into the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from January, 11th, 2002 41 ».
Work on the further perfection of system of a payment of workers of official bodies, and workers of the state enterprises will be continued within the limits of the specified working group.
Work on the further perfection of the State Qualifier of Republic Kazakhstan proceeds.
To questions of social insurance
Since January, 1st, 2005 in Republic Kazakhstan the system of social insurance providing the additional form of social protection of citizens is entered, at approach of social risks of disability, loss of the supporter and loss of work.
Within the limits of introduction of system of social insurance in 2004 the normative legal base which will provide realization of Law РК accepted in 2003 « About obligatory social insurance » is created. According to the List approved by the order of Prime minister РК from November, 12th, 2003 277-Ó, 9 governmental orders РК and 6 departmental normative legal certificates (has see undressed normative legal maintenance) are developed and accepted.
Governmental order РК from February, 27th, 2004 237 it is created by joint-stock company « State fund of social insurance ».
With a view of introduction of system of social insurance explanatory work including in mass media, clauses are published is spent, seminars (in the ministry and with departure regions) with participation of employers are spent. Besides there are begun training rates on system of social insurance for workers of territorial divisions of the Ministry and the State center on payment of pensions.
According to the Concept of social protection of the population of Republic Kazakhstan, since 2005, introduction of the third level of social protection of workers - insurance of the responsibility of the employer for causing of harm of a life and to health of the worker is provided at execution of labour (service) duties by it.
On consideration in Mazhilis of Parliament of Republic Kazakhstan now there is a bill « About obligatory insurance of the responsibility of the employer for causing of harm of a life and to health of the worker at execution of labour (service) duties by it ».
After acceptance of the bill development and the statement of normative legal certificates in its realization, and also carrying out of explanatory work is planned.
Concerning a provision of pensions
In republic 1,6 million addressees of pensions from the State center on payment of pensions is totaled.
Since January, 1st, 2004 according to the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from December, 29th, 2003 1337 « About increase of the sizes of pension payments from the State center on payment of pensions » the sizes of pension payments have been raised on growth of a consumer price index - 5,4 %.
The minimal size of pensions approved by Law РК « About the republican budget for 2004 », since January, 1st, 2004 has made 5800 tenges.
In view of increase the average size of pension payments on republic for 2004 has made 8571 tenges, the maximal size of pension payments - 10340 tenges.
The primary goal in solidary pension system is effective increase of pensions. With a view of increase of a level of pension payments in 2005 indexation of the sizes of pensions with an advancing of growth of a consumer price index is provided. In realization of increase governmental order РК from 12/21/2004 of year 1347 « About increase of the sizes of pension payments since January, 1st, 2005 » according to which the sizes of pensions raise on 7,7 % is accepted.
On прогнозным to data the average size of pensions in 2005 will make 9252 tenges.
The minimal size of pensions « About the republican budget for 2005 » is established by Law РК in the sum 6200 tenges.
According to Law РК from 12/31/2004 of year 28-III « About modification and additions in some acts of Republic Kazakhstan concerning social security of participants of Great Domestic war, invalids and addressees of grants on the occasion of loss of the supporter » since January, 1st, 2005 substantial increase of the sizes of the state social benefits on physical inability and on the occasion of loss of the supporter is carried out.
Strategic directions of development of system of a provision of pensions are certain in the Program of the further deepening of social reforms for 2005-2007 according to which it is supposed to enter base pension payment stage by stage. As President РК in the performance at opening of the first session of Mazhilis of Parliament, in 2006 to all pensioners, irrespective of the experience of work has noted, earnings and the size of pension the base pension at a rate of 20 % from a living wage (or the order of one and a half thousand tenge) will be monthly paid. In the subsequent the sizes of base pension payment will increase.
Regarding memory pension system
In the market of pension services 15 memory pension funds which quantity of investors as of December, 1st, 2004 is made by 6 919 201 person, including 6 887 147 investors of obligatory pension payments and 30 055 – voluntary, 1 999 - on voluntary, professional, pension payments operate.
The total sum of the pension payments which have acted due to obligatory and voluntary transfers has made 368,2 billion tenge. The added investment income for the specified period has made 125,2 billion tenge. The sum of the pure investment income - 109,3 billion tenge.
At the same time the problem of untimely deduction of obligatory pension payments is kept.
With the purpose of perfection of the order of transfer of obligatory pension payments are made changes and additions to governmental order РК from 15.03.99 years 245 « About the statement of Rules of calculation, deduction and transfer of obligatory pension payments in memory pension funds » by governmental order РК from 16.02.04г. №185.
For improvement of regulation and creation of conditions on недопущению infringements of the rights and legitimate interests of participants of memory pension system the Ministry together with the interested bodies conducts work on the further perfection of the order of repayment of debts on obligatory pension payments, explanatory work on the given problem is carried out.
Spent actions have allowed to reduce considerably a shortage on obligatory pension payments. According to Tax Committee of the Ministry of Finance of Republic Kazakhstan the shortage on 10 % to-th obligatory pension payments in memory pension funds for January, 1st, 2005 has decreased in comparison with the similar period of 2004 for 4 843 million tenge and there was at a level 9 934 million tenge.
Existing problems of memory pension system protection of the rights of investors and addressees, increase of a management efficiency by pension actives is supposed to solve during realization of the Program of development of memory pension system for 2005-2007, the Republic Kazakhstan approved by the governmental order from December, 24th, 2004 1359, main making which further development of memory pension system of Kazakhstan.
Work on modification and additions in Law РК « About a provision of pensions in Republic Kazakhstan » and подзаконные certificates is conducted.
Social protection of needy citizens and socially vulnerable groups of the population is provided with the Ministry through realization of Law РК « About the state address social help » and Programs on decrease in poverty in Republic Kazakhstan for 2003-2005 which monitoring is carried out constantly.
According to regional bodies of social protection of the population for 2004 the address social help is appointed 625,7 thousand to the needy citizens having the income below the poverty line that is less on 234,1 thousand чел. In comparison with 2003. Charges on granting АСП also have decreased and have made 5,8 billion tenge against 7,1 billion tenge for the last year.
Children make of total of addressees АСП the greatest share – 61,8 % with number 386,4 thousand чел., their number constantly increases, for the similar period of the last year they made 60,3 %.
The share of jobless citizens and addressees АСП working in an aggregate number from 14,2 % (122,4 thousand чел has decreased.) and 4,9 % (42,5 thousand чел.) up to 12,2 % (76,4 thousand чел.) and 4,1 % (25,9 thousand чел.) accordingly. The share of pensioners and invalids among addressees АСП also has decreased. For January, 1st, 2004 it has made 2,8 % (22,7 thousand чел.), for October, 1st т.г. – 2,2 % (14,1 thousand чел.).
Decrease in a share of unemployeds among addressees АСП occurs due to use of active forms of employment. Decrease in a share of pensioners among addressees АСП was affected with increase in the sizes of pensions.
The persons borrowed on care by children, have made 86,4 thousand чел. (13,8 %) and other categories of citizens – 36,4 thousand чел. (5,9 %).
According to Agency RK according to a living wage for IV quarter 2004 on republic has made 5537 tenges.
The poverty line on I quarter 2005 is certain at a rate of 40 % from a living wage or 2215 tenges.
With a view of realization of the Message of the Head of the state to people of Kazakhstan since January, 1st, 2005 the sizes are increased:
special welfare payment on physical inability and on the occasion of loss of the supporter;
special welfare payment to participants and invalids of Great Domestic war, and also persons, награжденным awards and medals for valorous and self-denying work within the Second World War;
payment of a special welfare payment to workers of rear of military years, not награжденных by awards and medals for valorous work within the Second World War which have worked not less of 6 months in rear from June, 22nd, till May, 9th, 1945 will be carried out;
lumpsum material aid to participants and invalids of war to the 60 anniversary of a victory over Great Domestic war at a rate of 30 thousand tenge will be carried out;
within 2005 participants and invalids of the Second World War will be provided by free-of-charge travel on territory of the CIS by rail.
With a view of social protection of mother and the child in the accounting period payments of grants to a birth of the child at a rate of 15-ти a multiple monthly settlement parameter due to means of the republican budget irrespective of the income of family have been continued.
Within 2004 the grant have received more than 165 thousand families for the sum 3,0 billion tenge (in 2003: 158,7 thousand families for the sum 2,1 billion tenge).
According to the Plan of action of Government RK for 2003-2006 for measures on support of motherhood and the childhood bill РК « About welfare payments is directed on consideration to Parliament RK to the families having children », providing continuation of payments of grants in connection with a birth of the child, introduction of grants on care of the child before achievement of age of one year by it irrespective of the income of family and children's children's allowances from needy families before achievement of 18 years by them in view of среднедушевого the income of family.
With a view of perfection of approaches of rendering of the address social help « About modification and additions bill РК is developed and directed to Law РК « About the state address social help » on consideration of Parliament RK.
Payments of lumpsum indemnifications to the persons who have suffered from mass political reprisals, nuclear tests on Semipalatinsk proving ground are continued.
In the republican budget for 2004 on payment of indemnification to the rehabilitated citizens it is stipulated 854,1 million tenge, lumpsum payments to pensioners and the invalids who have suffered from nuclear tests on Semipalatinsk proving ground - 197,1 million tenge.
Take measures of social support of persons without the certain residence. According to the Governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from 3/16/2000 of year 408 « About creation of the Centers of social rehabilitation of persons without the certain residence » 20 Centers operate.
With a view of perfection of activity of the given Centers by the Minister of Labour and Social Protection of the population the order on modification in Rules of the organization of activity of the Centers, regarding change of terms of a finding of persons without the certain residence in the Centers is published.
Within 2004 the Ministry together with Agency RK according to, Joint-Stock Company « Kazakh academy of a feed », ПРООН, the SQUANDERER, the scientific research institute of work is analysed a level and structure of a living wage in view of real expenses on food and непродовольственные and services, the international experience of definition of a living wage » is studied.
On results of work on October, 19th, 2004 the Ministry together with ПРООН, the SQUANDERER is held a seminar « Poverty and social standards in Republic Kazakhstan: perfection of a technique of definition of a living wage ».
Work on perfection of structure of a living wage aside increases in a fixed share непродовольственных is carried out. Work on expansion of the list and change of structure of the minimal food basket is conducted. The quantity of food stuffs is supposed to be increased with 20 up to 43 names. The given work will proceed in 2005.
With a view of realization of the Program of the further deepening of social reforms in Republic Kazakhstan for 2005-2007 for the further development of qualitative and effective model of rendering of the медико-social help of the population at a level of the primary medicosanitary help on December, 9th, 2004 Minister signs the Memorandum of Mutual understanding between the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of population РК, Ministry of Health and the American international union of public health services. Since January, 2005 the pilot project of integration of medical and social services in г.г operates. Uralsk and Semipalatinsk.
The ministry pays the big attention of the organization and to development of the медико-social examination directed on achievement of effective and maximal results of medical, professional and social rehabilitation of invalids.
By results of primary survey in 2004 are recognized by invalids of all 36,6 thousand person (in 2003 – 37,6 thousand person), from them on a category "child-invalid" - 7651 children (in 2003 г.–7081 children).
In 2004 on republic have passed re-examination 150,1 thousand invalids (for 2003 – 152,2 thousand invalids), from them are recognized by invalids 143,9 thousand person (for 2003 – 145,4 thousand person).
From among the re-examined invalids completely are rehabilitated 6903 person or 4,6 % (for 2003 – 6815 person or 4,5 %), i.e. are recognized able-bodied.
As a whole on republic in 2004 stabilization of the basic parameters of physical inability is observed.
The program the Centralized database of invalids (further - ЦБДИ) is developed. Pilot projects in the South-Kazakhstan area and to Astana are introduced.
With a view of realization of the basic directions of perfection of system of rehabilitation of patients and invalids interdepartmental working groups are created:
Technical projects on МСЭ and rehabilitations of invalids are developed at the some people нозологических forms of illness.
With the purpose of the control and rendering of the advisory, methodical help in 2004 the Ministry carries out departures all regions of republic on results of work of service MSE for 2003.
The international operational experience of Holland on медико-social examination and rehabilitation is studied.
In 2004 there is begun inventory and creation of a database on maintenance of invalids with протезно-orthopedic products and сурдо-тифлосредствами.
The project of the Program of rehabilitation of invalids for 2006-2008 is developed.
Among measures on the further perfection of process of rehabilitation of invalids such, as perfection of the order of survey, definitions of the reasons, groups of physical inability, a degree of disability and the rehabilitations of invalids which are carried out by means of reduction conformity of normative legal certificates in the field of медико-social examination.
Improvement of classification of a degree of infringements of functions of an organism, restriction of ability to live according to the International classification of functioning, restriction of ability to live and health (further – МКФ) is necessary.
On the account in bodies of social protection is 395 thousand invalids, including children-invalids till 16 years of 47,8 thousand.
Together with local agencies work on realization of the actions stipulated by the Program of rehabilitation of invalids for 2002-2005 is lead.
For realization of the Program in 2004 from the state budget it has been stipulated 1921,8 million tenge which are mastered in full (in 2003 this sum made 1410,2 million tenge).
For 2004 for maintenance of invalids on hearing сурдосредствами and сурдопомощью in the republican budget means in the sum 235672,0 thousand tenge for purchase of 6873 hearing aids, including 1536 for children-invalids, 1000 multipurpose alarm systems, 320 telefaxes, 2150 mobile phones with the text message and reception of transfers are stipulated.
Charges for purchase тифлосредств make 36000,0 thousand tenge.
In 2004 20209 протезно-orthopedic products, including on modern technologies-1284 are made. The »Ó«ÔÑº¡«-orthopedic help will be received by 16840 invalids. Charges under the program « on prosthetics and maintenance with протезно-orthopedic products » make Granting of medical services 436260,9 thousand tenge.
By local agencies it is got for invalids of 1837 invalid armchairs-carriages.
Within the limits of performance of the state order from the republican budget means are annually allocated for sanatorium treatment of invalids. Per 2004 for these purposes it is allocated 70,8 million tenge.
For rendering the медико-social help aged and to invalids in Republic there are 79 houses-boarding schools in which than 17 thousand lonely aged and invalid citizens lives more, including 2,8 thousand children-invalids.
90 branches of the social help to the families which are bringing up children-invalids, rendering the social help more than 10 thousand to children-invalids are created and operates.
Children-invalids living in families, at absence of an opportunity to be trained in comprehensive schools, on the conclusion of психолого-медико-pedagogical consultation education and training can receive in-home. Now 3448 children-invalids are trained in-home.
For social support of lonely aged and invalid citizens 332 branches of social home visiting service which serve 34 thousand person, including more than 7 thousand invalids operate.
The primary goals of branches are revealing children of the invalids requiring extraneous leaving, rendering of the help by it in inculcation of social skills, self-services, the organizations of leisure, training of parents to methods of care of children and members of family to dialogue with children-invalids, the organization of rendering advisory medical, legal aid and other kinds of special services.
Social services are given in view of requirements of State standard РК « Social service of the population. Social service in-home children with the limited opportunities. Volume of services ».
In activity of Committee on migration in 2004 work on reception and arrangement of compatriots moving in republic which streams grow that specifies the tendency of increase of migratory mood was priority.
The decree of the President of Republic Kazakhstan « About a quota of immigration оралманов for 2004 » had been stipulated reception 10 thousand families, are accepted 9981 family or 99,8 % from the established quota.
In 2004 to Committee on migration from the republican budget in the sum 7 085151 thousand tenge, including under the budgetary program 2 « Resettlement means have been allocated for the historical native land and social protection оралманов » 6 973 798 thousand number. Cash execution as a whole for 2004 has made 6 416 913 thousand tenge or 90,6 %, the rest недоосвоенных means 668237 thousand tenge.
At specification of the budget for 2004 the republican budgetary commission had been supported the offer of former Agency on migration and a demography about increase in factor of domesticity and instead of the planned 5 person it is accepted 5,49. As a result on payment of lump sums and transport charges оралманов in the sum 87270 thousand tenge, and also means are in addition allocated for purchase of habitation for 316 families оралманов, included in a quota of 2003 in the sum 209396 thousand tenge.
Besides the offer on modification in the Passport of the republican budgetary program for 2004, regarding payment of a lump sum to 3 families оралманов and compensation of transport charges to 24 families оралманов, included in a quota of 2003 and arrived in 2004 on Костанайской areas has been supported.
In realization of maintenance of reception and arrangement оралманов the Decree of the President of Republic Kazakhstan « About a quota of immigration оралманов for 2005-2007 » is signed.
Normative legal maintenance:
in 2004 it is accepted: one Decree of President РК, 5 bills, 24 governmental orders РК.
The decree of President РК:
1. « about a quota of immigration оралманов for 2005-2007 » from December, 27th, 2004 1508;
Laws of Republic Kazakhstan:
1. « about modification and additions in Law РК « About employment of the population » from January, 27th 2004г. 524.
2. « about safety and a labour safety » from February, 28th, 2004 528 of the SECOND ЗРК;
3. « about modification and additions in the Law of Republic Kazakhstan « About work in Republic Kazakhstan » from December, 23rd, 2004 20-III;
4. « about modification in Law РК « About social protection of the citizens who have suffered owing to ecological disaster in Приаралье » and about a recognition become invalid for Law РК « About stay of action of some clauses of Law РК « About social protection of the citizens who have suffered owing to ecological disaster in Приаралье » from December, 23rd, 2004 21-III;
5. « about modification and additions in some acts of Republic Kazakhstan concerning social security of participants of Great Domestic war, invalids and addressees of grants on the occasion of loss of the supporter » from December, 31st, 2004 28-III.
The governmental orders of Republic Kazakhstan:
1. « about an establishment of a quota on attraction of a foreign labour for realization of labour activity in territory of Republic Kazakhstan for 2004 » from January, 12th, 2004 27;
2. « about modification and additions in the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from January, 11th, 2002 41 » regarding ordering charge of surcharges and extra charges to workers of official bodies and the state enterprises from January, 27th, 2004 89;
3. « about modification and additions in the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from March, 15th, 1999 24 » regarding the statement of Rules of calculation, deduction and transfer of obligatory pension payments in memory pension funds from February, 16th, 2004 185;
4. « about creation of joint-stock company « State fund of social insurance » from February, 27th, 2004 237;
5. « rules of definition of a quota, a condition and the order of delivery of sanctions to employers on attraction of a foreign labour in Republic Kazakhstan » from March, 17th, 2004 322;
6. « about entering additions into governmental order РК from July, 20th, 2001 983 « Questions of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the population of Republic Kazakhstan » from April, 2nd, 2004 379;
7. « about the statement of Rules of calculation of social deductions » from June, 21st, 2004 683;
8. « about modification in the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from December, 26th, 2003 1327 » from 6/23/2004 197к;
9. « about the statement of Rules of increase and calculation of the size of social payments from the State fund of social insurance » from July, 21st, 2004 780;
10. « about the statement of rules of payment of the social payments which have been not received in due time or not completely on fault of authorized body to destination of social payments, the State center on payment of pensions and (or) the State fund of social insurance » from July, 22nd, 2004 787;
11. « about the statement of the list of financial tools for investment of actives of the State fund of social insurance » from August, 20th, 2004 877;
12. « about the statement of Rules of realization by the State fund of social insurance, activity connected with securities and other financial tools » from 8/20/2004 of year 878;
13. « about the statement of Rules of indemnification of increase of tariffs of a user's payment for phone to socially protected citizens, being subscribers of city networks of telecommunications » from September, 9th, 2004 949;
14. « about entering addition into the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from January, 11th, 2002 41 » from September, 27th, 2004 985;
15. « about the statement of Rules of development and the statement the state bodies of normative legal certificates on safety and a labour safety and Rules of development and the statement the state bodies of branch specifications on safety and a labour safety » from November, 11th, 2004 1182;
16. « about the statement of limiting size of the interest rate of a commission on realization of activity of the State fund of social insurance and the mechanism of its use » from November, 16th, 2004 1209;
17. « about the nomenclature of the goods and services and their volumes (in percentage expression), bought by organizers of competition at the organizations making the goods and services, invalids of Republic Kazakhstan created by public associations, for 2005 » from November, 18th, 2004 1213;
18. « about modification in the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from January, 12th, 2004 27 » from November, 18th, 2004 1215;
19. « about the statement of the Program of the further deepening of social reforms for 2005-2007 » from November, 30th, 2004 №1241;
20. « about modification and additions in governmental order РК from September, 9th, 2004 949 » from December, 8th, 2004 1284;
21. « about modification and additions in the governmental order of Republic Kazakhstan from December, 26th, 2003 1327 » from 12/14/2004 №197ал;
22. « about the statement of norms and the limits providing financial stability of the State fund of social insurance » from December, 15th, 2004 1323;
23. « About increase of the sizes of pension payments from the State center on payment of pensions since January, 1st, 2005 » from 21.12 2004 years 1347.
24. « About distribution and use of target current transfers to payment of the lumpsum help to participants and invalids of Great domestic war » from 12/31/2002 of year 1468.
Orders of Minister approve following documents:
1. « about creation of working group for development of offers on the further perfection of system of a payment of workers of official bodies » from January, 09th, 2004 4-»;
2. « about entering addition into the Order of the Minister of Labour and Social Protection of the population of Republic Kazakhstan from February, 13th, 2002 31-» « About the statement of Rules of definition of the cumulative income of the person (family) applying for reception of the address social help » from March, 01st, 2004 47-»;
3. « about creation of working group on modification and additions in the State qualifier of Republic Kazakhstan 01-99 « the Qualifier of employment » from June, 14th, 2004 135-»;
4. « about the statement of an application form for purpose of social payments from the State fund of social insurance » from June, 15th, 2004 136-»;
5. « about entering additions and changes into the order of the Minister of Labour and Social Protection of the population of Republic Kazakhstan from April, 2nd, 1998 88-» « About the statement of the Instruction « About the order of granting to the population of Republic Kazakhstan of the протезно-orthopedic help » from June, 18th, 2004 140-»;
6. « about the statement of the Qualifying requirements shown for executives of the State fund of social insurance » from July, 5th, 2004 154-»;
7. « about the statement of Rules of inquiry and reception by the payer of social deductions from the State center on payment of pensions of the information on the listed sums of social deductions of the State fund of social insurance » from July, 30th, 2004 169-»;
8. « about the statement of Rules of inspection of activity of the State fund of social insurance » from July, 30th 2004г. 170-»;
9. « criteria of a rating assessment of works of divisions MSE of territorial Departments of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the population of Republic Kazakhstan » from August, 4th, 2004 176-»;
10. « rules of awarding, an establishment of extra charges to official salaries of workers of the Ministry and social protection of the population of Republic Kazakhstan and rendering of material aid by it due to the means stipulated on the maintenance under the plan of financing of the budgetary program (subroutine) » from August, 25th, 2004 187-»;
11. « about the statement of the List, forms and terms of representation of financial and other reporting the State fund of social insurance » from September, 3rd, 2004 195-»;
12. « time methodical recommendations on application of classifications and criteria of definition of groups of physical inability » from September, 17th, 2004 208-»;
13. « about modification and additions in Rules освидетельст-вования, establishments of the reasons, groups of physical inability and a degree of disability » from October, 08th 2004г. 228-»;
14. « rules of carrying out of certification of industrial objects on working conditions » from November, 3rd, 2004 251-»;
15. « about the List компенсаторных technical and auxiliary means » from November, 18th, 2004 264-»;
16. « methodical recommendations on an establishment of the reason of physical inability » from December, 6th, 2004 270-».
The text translated by translator-program