New social initiatives - MINISTER of WORK And SOCIAL PROTECTION ofPOPULATION GULZGANA KARAGUSOVA .
The NEW PACKAGE of SOCIAL INITIATIVES of the PRESIDENT AS ALREADY it was spokenABOVE, COVERS EVERYONE WHO is not borrowed In the PRIVATE SECTOR - PENSIONERS,STATE EMPLOYEES And STATE EMPLOYEES. The PRESIDENT HAS declared, THAT In SOCIALREFORMS the COMPLEX APPROACH is chosen And WILL NOT REGRET MONEY FOR THESE PURPOSES the STATE. I SHALL remind, In the LAST SOMEYEARS the GOVERNMENT ANNUALLY RAISED INCOMES of STATE EMPLOYEES And PENSIONERS. In IT to YEAR MORE THAN the GRANT ofSTUDENTS WILL be twice increased. The MINIMAL SIZES of PENSIONS And WAGES WILLrise UP TO 9 THOUSAND 200 TENGES. ALMOST In ONE and a half TIME TO INCREASE theQUANTITY of the APARTMENTS CONSTRUCTED FOR socially not PROTECTED GROUPS of thePOPULATION DUE TO BUDGETARY MONEY. It is remarkable, THAT MANY OF THESEMEASURES it was planned TO CARRY out ONLY In 2006-2007, HOWEVER SUCCESSES InECONOMY HAVE allowed TO START REALIZATION of the SOCIAL PROGRAM MUCH EARLIER.FROM NEXT YEAR ADDITIONAL WELFARE PAYMENTS WILL be allocated to the NEEDYFAMILIES which have LOST SUPPORTERS, INVALIDS And HAVING many children MOTHERS.The PRESIDENT is convinced, THAT AT PRESENT RATES ofGROWTH of ECONOMY the REPUBLIC Within the NEAREST FIVE YEARS CAN ESSENTIALLYRAISE QUALITY of the LIFE And REACH PARAMETERS of the COUNTRIES of the EAST EUROPE. BY THE WAY, In IT to YEAR In КАЗАХСТАНЕ FORMATION ofTHREE-LEVEL SYSTEM of SOCIAL SECURITY BEGINS. BESIDES BASE ГРАНТИРОВАННЫХ GRANTS, VOLUMES ofSOCIAL PAYMENTS WILL extend DUE TO OBLIGATORY INSURANCE And VOLUNTARYACCUMULATION. MORE IN DETAIL TO TELL ABOUT FEATURES of FORTHCOMING SOCIALREFORMS FOR our PROGRAM HAS agreed MINISTER of WORK And SOCIAL PROTECTION ofPOPULATION GULZGANA KARAGUSOVA. With IT JOURNALIST ARMAN SHURAEV TALKS.
- Gulzhana Nurpeisovna in the Message of the President with which ithas acted on Friday in parliament is instructed the government to increase thesizes of pensions by three thousand tenge since July,1st of this year. It has told that it will be the universal extra charge whichpensioners without dependence from a former place of work and earnings willreceive all. It would be desirable to specify one moment. The government earlierdeclared, that since 2005 all pensioners will receivean index-linked pension, in connection with growth of inflation. It will beabsolutely different extra charges, or they had in view of one and too? If itis different extra charges we would ask you to tell about what will be the sizeof our pensions of Kazakhstan peoples.
- Thanks big. Well first it is necessary to tell, that an index-linked pensionas with the advancing percent of 7,7 % pensionersalready have received all for January. Universal as you spoke the extra chargeis a base pension which is entered from second half of 2005. The base pensionis entered as the state guarantee to all persons,citizens of Kazakhstan reached a pension age. That is before all measures which were spent inour republic since 2002, they have been directed on that in the basic to levelall costs of reforms which were at transition to new reforming pensions. Inspite of the fact that it anywhere cannot be made completely, basically theselacks have been leveled. In 2002 there was an increase differentiated, it up to94 years if you remember that it was on 15 %, about 94 years pensioners till98-th year it was 8,4 % after 98 these are 8,4 %, in relation to the minimalpension, i.e. we leveled disproportions. In 2003 when the differentiatedincrease the most important has been made, it was necessary to make so that aplenty of pensioners in our country according to the law and according toearnings with which they left received average and above whereas before thedifferentiated increase at us of 70 % received average pension and below.. As aresult of the differentiated increase in 2003 at us and the rate of replacementbecame another, i.e. the rate of replacement became 32 %. And it to us hasallowed to pass now to new three-level system about which the President spoke,it including on pension . That is the first is aguarantee to the citizen of reached pension age, finally it will be 0,75 from a living wage irrespective of, the person worked,did not work, received earnings or not. It as has been already told, a guarantee of the state. Plus to it will be memorysystem because the solidary pension at us isliterally since 2015 will go on a loss and plus to it voluntary pensioninsurance. Thus our pension, structure of pension received by the citizen willconsist of three basic parts: simply as to the citizen, plus as to the workingcitizen and plus as to the working citizen, which else before in a youththought of how in an old age to live even better. And so three thousand it isbase pension, it makes the order of 40 % of a living wage. Thus we have alreadyreceived indexation. And all without exception pensioners of solidary system will receive since July, 2005 monthly andfurther plus to it three thousand. And as it is correct, if you have noticedthe president has noted, that the minimal pension at us now 6200 tenges, plus of three thousand, means base together withthe minimal payment will make 9200 tenges. Theaverage pension together with base pension will make 12 427 tenges.Thus, we as a matter of fact, lagged behind only Russiaon average pension. That now we from the Baltic countries lag behind only Estonia. Both we on the average a level of pension and the minimal payments weadvance Latvia and Lithuania. I.e. that was when is told by the president, it spoke all time thatdid not promise something concrete, simply spoke that when the country willstart to live better when we shall leave crisis is equivalent and socialconditions will improve. Here they also began to improve for pensioners.
- It is possible to speak that social justice triumphs?
- Well concept of social justice this concept in general such utopian. Becausefor each person the social justice. But the adequate maintenance of those whocannot already work or the state yet already cannot work starts to provide.
- The president has instructed since July, 1st the salary to workers ofbudgetary sphere. Explain please, it will be the same uniform extra charge asin case of with pensioners or the differentiated approach is supposed?
Well in the message the president has told it 32 % mean on the average, butconsidering it anyway in plans was, that the base salary will be equaled to theminimal pension payment and 9200 tenges, thus eachworker of budgetary sphere will have an adequate growth of the salary.
- Since 2006 to needy families monthly grants should be paid to children till18 years. Whether you can name the sum of these grants?
Well, first it is possible to tell that already more than three years almostthree years operate the law on the address social help inside of which 60percent of this address help are received by children. According to theassignment of the president when at us the base is already generated and we canspeak that 62 % are children we deduce this social help from the address help.Thus families at which the income will be below the minimal food basket, thisfamily plus to it will have still an opportunity on reception of the addresssocial help.
- The president has declared that with following the government it is necessaryfor year to enter welfare payments on care of the child till one year. Whatwill be size of such grant?
Is not the grant, I want подчеркнуть-itis the social help of the state. Because first the responsibility for childrenparents all the same should bear. On that they should be at them. And so thesocial help of the state on care of the child in the age of till one year willbe monthly paid at a rate of three monthly settlement parameters. And since2006 as it has been told by the president, almost twice, more even slightly,than twice increase specialwelfarepayment to having many children mothers, mothers having more than 4 childrenboth having « Kumus and a three-copeckspiece alka »
- The president in the performance has told that to one of key components ofthe program of social reforms should become obligatory social insurance. Forthe present very few people clearly represents that this such …
- Fund of social insurance at us as the second level of insurance of socialrisks. It is physical inability, loss of the supporter and loss of work. Italready at us has started to operate since January, 1st, 2005 and before we some conferences collected, here at you on « Khabar some times explained. It is fund of social insurancewhich principle is solidary. I.e. it at us is formeddue to 3 % from the social tax which employers and why I speak it an additionallevel deduct, here the stategrant on physical inability and loss кормильца-itis the first level, a guarantee and the responsibility of the state. The secondуровень-is the responsibility of the employer that is with whom there was aphysical inability – it will receive the state grant irrespective of where withit there was this insurance case, to it it will receiveplus, if it happens on manufacture, it was working citizen, it will receiveplus to it from fund of social insurance and to it since July, 1st, 2005 itwill receive plus as the concrete worker of the given enterprise. Because sinceJuly, 1st the law about obligatory civil- legal responsibility of the employerfor the caused damage .Это that three-level systemabout which president will start to operate spoke. System of three-level socialsecurity which is based on distribution of the responsibility between the statewhich all base payments incurs, the employer and workers.
- And about specialwelfarepayment to invalids that you could tell particularly?
- With a gradual output from an economic crisis and improvement of position, aneconomic situation of the country and gradually and we have an improvement ofsocial security of all of those who already or cannot work yet. Here inparticular since 2005 already all groups and categories of invalids at themhave essentially raised the statesocial benefit, it here grants of the first level. Well for example theinvalid of the first group in 2004 received the order 6775 tengesalready since January, 1st, 2005 it already receives more than 9 thousand, andplus to it the president has still told, that since 2006 all who receives госсоцпособия and спецгоспособия on 1000 tenges will add. Means in 2006 theyalready will receive more than 11 thousand tenge. Similarly second group, i.e. there somewhere the order of 45 %growth since 2005. Plus 2006 again for 1000 tenges,means the third group of physical inability which will receive increase at arate of 30 % plus 1000 tenges. You know that in it toyear in honour of the 60 anniversary of the Victory,almost are twice increased спецгоспособия for veterans and invalids of war they are finished almost to 15thousand tenge and 15 monthly settlement parameters.Per 2006 to them 1000 tenges more will return. Butplus to participants of rear, people receiving спецгоспособия 16 categories various. Here all of them since 2006 in spite of the factthat some of them in 2005 plus to it in 2006 essentially raises will receivethe extra charge at a rate of 1000 tenges.
- Thanks, we thank you for comments …
Material from a site www.khabar.kz, on February, 20th, 2005
Thetext translated by translator program