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Forced labor: number and the facts

Forced Labour Statistics


GLOBAL ESTIMATES
• 12.3 million people are victims of forced labour
• more than 2.4 million have been trafficked
• 9.8 million are exploited by private agents
• 2.5 million are forced to work by the state or by rebel military groups

REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF FORCED LABOUR
• Asia and the Pacific – 9,490,000
• Latin America and Caribbean – 1,320,000
• Industrialized countries (Europe, USA) – 360,000
• Middle East and North Africa – 260,000
• Transition Countries – 210,000
• Sub Saharan Africa – 660,000
FORCED LABOUR BY SEX
Forced economic exploitation:
• Women and girls - 56%
• Men and boys - 44%
Forced commercial sexual exploitation
• Women and girls - 98%
• Men and boys - 2%
FORCED LABOUR BY AGE
• Children - 40 to 50%;
International
Labour Office
Declaration on Fundamental Principles
and Rights at Work WORK IN FREEDOM
TRAFFICKED FORCED LABOURERS (REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION)
• Asia and the Pacific - 1,360,000
• Industrialized countries (Europe, USA) - 270,000
• Latin America and Caribbean - 250,000
• Middle East and North Africa - 230,000
• Transition Countries - 200,000
• Sub Saharan Africa - 130,000
TRAFFICKED FORCED LABOUR BY FORM
• 43% of those trafficked are used for forced commercial sexual exploitation
• 32% of the trafficked victims are used for forced economic exploitation
• 25% of victims are trafficked for a mixture of the above or for undetermined reasons
PROFITS FROM TRAFFICKED FORCED LABOUR
Global – US$ 31.6 billion
• Asia and the Pacific – US$ 9.7 billion
• Industrialized countries (Europe, USA) – US$ 15.5 billion
• Latin America and Caribbean – US$ 1.3 billion
• Middle East and North Africa – US$ 1.5 billion
• Transition Countries – US$ 3.4 billion
• Sub Saharan Africa – US$ 159 million
2 ILO Key Statistics on Forced Labour

Changed on 12 May, 2005 - 06:00
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