CURRENT SITUATION IN social and labor sphere.
According to solidarity pension system:
Since January 1, 2013 increase in pension payments made by 9 percent, the size of base pension payments amounted to 9330 KZT. Given the basic pension payments, in 2013 the minimum size of pension payments amounted to KZT 28,396, the maximum amount - 59 962 KZT. The average size of pension payments, taking into account the state basic pension payments amounted to 41,855 KZT.
According to funded pension system:
To date, the pension market republic operate 10 accumulative pension funds.
According to the Committee of Kazakhstan on Regulation and Supervision of Financial Market and Financial Organizations as of May 1, 2013 the amount of pension savings amounted to about 3.3 trillion. KZT.
As of June 1, 2013 in the republic of 38.9 thousand recipients of special state benefits on the list number 1 and number 2. With the increasing monthly calculation index allowances increased annually since 2013 benefits Lists number 1 and number 2 up 15,579 KZT and 13,848 KZT respectively.
In 2013, the size of state social benefits (GSP) increased by 7 percent. On June 1, 2013 only 694.2 thousand republic GSP beneficiaries, including disabled - 477.2 thous.; Families that have lost a breadwinner - 193.4 thous., by age - 23.6 thousand . pers. The average size of GSP as of June 1, 2013 was as follows: Disability - 19,179 KZT for the loss of a breadwinner - 17,073 KZT by age - 9330 KZT.
Since the beginning of the introduction of compulsory social insurance system, as of June 1, 2013 , the amount of social payments from the State Social Insurance Fund totaled 323.4 billion KZT.
For May 2013 were social payments in the amount of 7 223,6 million KZT, which is 3.9 % more than the same period in 2012 .
With the introduction in 2005 of mandatory social insurance, formal sector workers have acquired an additional form of social protection upon the occurrence of five social risks.
Social support to vulnerable populations:
Proportion of population with incomes below the subsistence minimum for the 1st quarter 2013 was 3.1% (urban areas - 1.5%, rural - 5.0%) and decreased in comparison with the same period in 2012 by 0.8 percentage points.
Targeted social assistance (TSA).
As of June 1, 2013 TSA assigned 50.8 thousand citizens with incomes below the poverty line in the amount of 608.2 million KZT.
The share of unemployed persons in the total number of TSA recipients is 6.6%, which is 1.2 percentage points less than the same period last year. The largest share of TSA recipients occupies children - 64.3%.
Special state benefits.
On June 1, 2013 special state aid covered, on average 1303.1 thousand people, compared to the same period last year, more than 1.0%.
Social support for mothers and children.
As of June 1, 2013 birth allowance received 160.2 thousand people, more than the same period in 2012 by 1.0%, thus, benefit costs amounted to 8.9 billion KZT.
On June 1, 2013 allowance for child care covered an average of 147.7 thousand people, compared to the same period last year, more than 1.0%. While spending on benefits totaled 10.7 billion KZT.
On June 1, 2013 Benefit raising a disabled child under eighteen years of age on average received 60.6 thousand people for a total amount of 5.9 billion KZT.
Also , at the end of 5 months of this year allowance for children up to 18 years from low-income families (hereinafter - ODS) covered 503.0 thousand children , a decrease of 7.2% compared to the same period in 2012 , with the amount of appointments made 3.7 billion KZT.
Provision of social services.
In accordance with the Law "On special social services" is a reform of social care services, gradually introduced standards for the provision of social services. At the beginning of the year the system of social services were involved:
- More than 20 thousand elderly and disabled, including children with disabilities in 103 medical-social establishments stationary type;
- 8 to 51 thousand people organizing semi-stationary type;
- 52.8 thousand people in 506 offices social care home for the elderly and persons with disabilities, including children with disabilities;
- 5.4 thousand people in 22 centers for social adaptation of persons who have no fixed abode.
Social protection of invalids.
The country is home to 609.8 thousand persons with disabilities.
To ensure the rights of disabled persons and their integration into society by local executive bodies covered about 96.3 thousand people with disabilities, or 87.6 % of total need. They provided wheelchairs, Surdo and cecitis -equipment, prosthetic and orthotic, sluhoproteznaya help, spa treatment, professional services of sign language and personal assistants in accordance with the individual program of rehabilitation.
On the situation in the labor market.
According to local executive bodies on June 1, 2013 the number of unemployed registered with employment agencies, totaled 68.0 thousand people. From the beginning, employment agencies of the republic for labor mediation addressed 142.2 thousand unemployed persons, of which 63.2 thousand - is 44.4%, are employed.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM OF EMPLOYMENT 2020.
In 2011, on behalf of the Head of State and is designed to July 1, 2011 launched the Program of employment 2020 (hereinafter - the Program), aimed at increasing the income of the population by promoting sustainable and productive employment.
The first direction of the Program of employment 2020 - "Education and employment assistance to citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan and repatriates working age: underemployed, unemployed, self-employed, low-income; secondary school graduates 11 years of the current calendar year ; preserved disabled persons with disabilities; orphanages , orphans and children left without parental care under the age of twenty-three years, pensioners who retired before age generally established ; persons engaged in heavy work , works with harmful, osobovrednymi and / or dangerous conditions, are the recipients of special state benefits.
The second direction of employment programs - "Promoting entrepreneurship in rural areas."
The third direction of the Program - "Improving labor mobility."
The fourth pillar - "Development of rural areas."
According to local authorities, on the 1st of June this year concluded 35,700 contracts with social willing to participate in the Program. Among them are unemployed - 26.6 million people (74.8%), self-employed - 7.0 million people (19.7%); low income - 1.6 million people (4.6%), 324 persons (0.9%) are classified as employees. With the proportion of young people under the age of 29 years is 51.6%, the proportion of women - 49.2%.
In the framework of the first vocational training program covered 37.4 thousand (33.5 thousand people. - Continuing with 2012, 3.9 thousand people. - a new reception in 2013).
The second direction of the Program 6.5 thousand people will be trained in the basics of entrepreneurship. This year, 8.5 thousand participants in the program will receive microcredit.
On the third direction of the Program is currently under construction and 339 individual residential buildings. As of June 1 of the current year completed the construction of 793 houses. Program participants and their families 768 inhabited houses.
In 2012 launched the fourth direction - "Development of rural areas" aimed at providing employment through the implementation of infrastructure projects in rural areas at medium or high potential for socio-economic development.
Within this framework, in 2013, provides for the implementation of 875 projects planned to create 13.9 thousand jobs.
ROADMAP EMPLOYMENT 2020.
Currently, the continuation of the employment 2020 government decree of 19 June this year Number 636 approved Roadmap employment 2020. Roadmap employment 2020 is a logical continuation of the road maps, 2009 - 2010 and 2020 Employment Program.
In contrast to the current Employment Program in 2020 it includes crisis response mechanisms designed to reduce the potential negative effects of the global crisis in the country and to create the necessary foundation for economic growth. The Roadmap employment in 2020, as in the Employment Programme 2020 focuses on rural areas.
The unemployment rate in the first quarter of 2013 was 5.3% versus 5.4% the first quarter of 2012.
In order to regulate labor relations and protection of labor rights of citizens taking steps to develop a system of social partnership. One of the main forms of social partnership is the social responsibility of business.
On June 1, 2013 the system of collective agreements covered 57.6 thousand enterprises, including number of large and medium-sized enterprises 87.5%.
Increase per capita income.
Economic growth in recent years and an active social policy led to a significant improvement in living standards. In March 2013 recorded growth of nominal income citizens by 10.6% compared to the same period in 2012 (55,264 KZT, preliminary data). Proportion of population with incomes below the subsistence minimum in 2013 was 3.1%, or decreased compared to the same period last year by 0.8 percentage point.
PLANNED IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS BEHALF OF THE PRESIDENT, DATA IN ARTICLE "SOCIAL MODERNIZATION OF KAZAKHSTAN: TWENTY STEPS TO A SOCIETY OF LABOR."
Order № 4.
Item 4: "Develop a methodology for correlating the working population in the group of self-employed, adequate real situation and prospects of employment."
Item 5: "Improve the methodology for determining the unemployment rate according to the new procedure for determination of the self-employed."
Order of RK Statistics Agency of January 10, 2013 № 3 approved method of determining the self-employed and unemployed population, which forms a group of self-employed in the category:
a) employers regardless of the level of monthly income;
b) members of cooperatives engaged on an individual basis, in the personal
subsidiary farm produce for sale (exchange) with the level of monthly income above the subsistence level;
a) employed on an individual basis (inactive) in private farming production of goods for their own consumption, unpaid family workers regardless of the level of monthly income;
b) members of cooperatives engaged on an individual basis, in private farming production of goods for sale (exchange) with the level of monthly income below the subsistence minimum.
Order № 5.
Item 6: "Work out the organization, since 2013, a system of universal education workers based on labor legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan."
Resolution of Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan on December 13, 2012 № 1581 approved an Action Plan for the organization of legal education of citizens the basics of labor law in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2013-2015.
Within legal education state labor inspectors areas gg. Astana and Almaty are working to educate workers in enterprises based on labor legislation, trained in 390 enterprises of the republic.
In the first quarter of 2013, the territorial departments of the Ministry organized 193 media appearances, held 794 seminars and workshops on explanations of labor laws.
Item 7: "Develop a draft publication and dissemination, including through the power of the Internet and the official websites of government agencies, nationwide series of handbooks on the main provisions of the Labor Code and other legal acts regulating labor relations."
Within the framework of scientific and educational software implementation of the Action Plan for the organization legal education of citizens basics of labor law in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2013-2015 involving expert research company LLP "KazGLU Consulting» developed two handbooks. They will be used as textbooks in the legal education system for 2013-2015.
Currently completed delivery of the first guide "Principles of Labor Legislation" by region for distribution companies, the second - "Developing skills negotiating skills and consensus in labor disputes" - is at the stage of replication.
Also on the website of the Ministry www.enbek.gov.kz a special heading "legal education on the basics of labor law."
Order № 6.
Item 8: "Develop and adopt a plan for the phased development of a national qualifications system, providing professional training standards for the period up to 2020, taking into account the qualifications systems of the Single Economic Space"
To ensure the needs of the industrial economy in the professional work force is working to improve the qualifications of workers.
In order to implement the National System of Qualifications:
- Adopted a national qualifications framework, rules development, review, testing, use and adoption of professional standards, professional standards form the Register;
- Coordination Council on the development of national qualification system.
- Approved the Plan of the gradual development of the national qualifications system, providing professional training standards for the period up to 2020;
- Approved the distribution and use of funds to develop professional standards for 2013.
Order № 7.
Item 10: "Make proposals for amendments and additions to the Law" On State Control and Supervision "and the Labour Code in conducting inspections at facilities in accordance with ratified ILO Convention" on labor inspection in industry and commerce."
Item 11: "Make proposals for the inclusion of the Labour, Administrative and Criminal Codes of the Republic Kazakhstan liability provisions for deliberate provocation of labor disputes."
Item 12: "Make proposals to strengthen administrative and criminal liability for inciting social hatred, coercion to strike late payment of wages, failure to comply with collective agreements and other offenses."
By letter dated 29.11.12, the № 04-1-18/1907-D in the President's Administration aims:
- A report on the development of proposals for amendments and additions to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On State Control and Supervision in the Republic of Kazakhstan" and the Labour Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in part inspections at facilities in accordance with ratified ILO Convention "On Labour Inspection in Industry and Commerce";
- Suggestions for the Labor, Administrative and Criminal Codes of the Republic of Kazakhstan of liability provisions for deliberate provocation of labor disputes;
- Proposals for strengthening the administrative and criminal liability for inciting social hatred, coercion to strike late payment of wages, failure to comply with collective agreements and other offenses.
Under item 10: To avoid risks to labor rights violations designed a bill to amend and supplement the Labour Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Law "On State Control and Supervision in the Republic of Kazakhstan ."
Under the bill introduced other forms of state control in the form of the right to visit and state labor inspectorate , without prior registration with the relevant authorities , to carry out unannounced checks on compliance with the security and safety in case of a threat to life and health of employees.
At the moment the bill is the procedure of sight with government stakeholders.
The points 11.12 : The draft new Criminal Administrative Codes included proposals to consolidate those responsible for deliberate provocation of labor conflict , forced to strike , delayed payment of wages, failure to comply with collective agreements and other offenses .
Thus, the Criminal Code is supplemented by a new kind of criminal liability - for acts provoking to continue participation in the strike is not lawful. Simultaneously, the Labor Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan is complemented material norm, sets the appropriate ban.
Administrative Code provides for specification of administrative offenses for violations of labor laws, delayed payment of wages, failure to participate in the negotiations on the collective agreement (contract), unjustified refusal to conclude a collective agreement (contract) , default or breach of the collective agreement (contract) etc.
Interim information on the ongoing work on items sent to the Presidential Administration of the Republic of Kazakhstan , the letter dated 05.29.13 № 04-1-19/14604 / / 799-4 PAB.
Order № 9.
Item 16: "To provide a comprehensive analysis of the law on trade unions and develop a bill on its completion."
In order to fulfill this request, the order of the Minister of Labour and Social Protection of 25.07.2012. № 300-m working group was established to develop a draft law "On amendments and additions to some legislative acts on the activities of trade unions and labor regulation."
Today, in the country there are more than 800 trade unions. The practice of most of them shows a lack of built system of trade union participation in social dialogue at all levels of social partnership, collaboration with employers.
In this context, the main objective of the bill is to define organizational principles of the trade union movement in order to protect the employment, social and economic rights and interests of workers, enhancing the role of trade unions in social partnership.
The bill provides for trade unions to build a membership (the association) at the appropriate level of social partnership, to determine the status, purpose of trade unions in the social partnership, their responsibility for decisions obligations under the agreements negotiated collective agreements and decisions. Legislate requirements to the statute of the trade union, their rights and obligations established in the regulation of mandatory collective bargaining issues learning the basics of workers labor legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Trade unions made a duty explanatory work among its members to improve their legal literacy, including the basics of labor law, the development of skills and negotiating skills to achieve consensus in labor disputes.
The bill provides for the consolidation of trade unions and their associations responsibilities for the performance of the collective agreement, sectoral, regional, general agreements. There will also be strengthened control over the implementation of collective agreements.
Advancing the bill in accordance with the Plan of Legislative Work of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2013 (May - Ministry of Justice, July – Government, September - Majilis).
At the moment the bill is the procedure of sight with interested state structures.
Item 25: "Since 2014, ensure the development of five-year forecasts for the labor market."
Was created under the Ministry of the relevant working group (order № 302-m from Minister date from 25.07.2012.). Comprising members of the Majilis, government representatives, employers, trade unions and scientific organizations.
One of the main conditions for the qualitative prediction of the labor market is to assess the status and prospects of the development of human resources, the determination of the need for them and provide sources through the development of the balance of labor resources (hereinafter - BLR).
BLR is necessary for monitoring the use and planning management activities (distribution and redistribution) labor in cases of imbalances in the labor market.
In order to evaluate, improve the efficiency of the processes of formation, distribution and use of human resources for the Ministry of LLP "Kazakhstan Forecast" developed a method for reporting and predictive BLR Republic of Kazakhstan.
The information-analytical system is installed on the hardware and the staff of the Ministry of JSC "Information-Analytical Center on employment issues", trained users to build BLR.
Starting from 2014, based on the BLR Ministry will develop a five-year forecasts for the labor market (for the implementation of this request to the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan sent information letter #05-2-18/1907-D from 30.11.12).
Order № 17.
Item 37: "study the issue of the draft Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan" On the social workplace."
A draft Concept of the new Law "On social jobs", which is included in the plan of legislative work of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
View to the adoption of the bill is:
- Creation of legal conditions for the organization of social jobs and employment for the citizens of these target groups, the most vulnerable categories of the working population;
- Increase in the number of employed persons by expanding government support measures, incentives to employers to create jobs for the social target groups.
Item 38: "study the issue of compensation to the parents of a legislative regulation of the expenses on the care of children in kindergartens, according to their number in the family, empowering women to resume work after a leave to care for a child, opportunities to improve their skills and get a new specialty in demand for public expense, making the Tax Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan provisions on income tax incentives for large families and others."
Relevant authorities, the National Commission for Women, Family and Demographic Policy under the President proposals were submitted on this behalf. On the basis of the proposals to develop a unified position. In the Office of the Prime Minister's letters were sent MLSP proposals for the implementation of this order(№ 07-2-22/1907-D from 15.08.2012, № 07-2-22/13681 / / 20-8/04-32 (38) from 14.01.2013, № 07-2-22/13681 1 / / 20-36/04-32 (claim 38), on 19.01.2013). These proposals were sent to the President's Administration.
Parents regarding payment of the expenses on the care of children in kindergartens, according to their number in the family:
Joint decision of the concerned government authorities proposed to realize this issue through the continuation and expansion of the program "Balapan". In particular considered the possibility of encouraging businesses to open pre-schools by providing guaranteed placement in these organizations the government order.
On the issue of empowering women to resume work after a leave to care for a child, opportunities to improve their skills and get a new popular specialties at public expense:
Today the country's legislation contains safeguards that enable women before resuming work after the leave to care for a child to improve their skills and get a new popular specialties at the expense of the state budget (the question is removed from the control of the Republic of Kazakhstan № 640-5 AP RAP on October 5, 2012).
Relative order to amend the provisions of the Tax Code of Kazakhstan about the benefits of income tax for large families:
This question is asked to regulate by making amendments to the Tax Code of RK realized by providing tax benefits for large families, in terms of exclusion from taxable income, one of the parents of a large family income for the year within 55 times the minimum wage.
Working Group on the transition to universal declaration of income and property of the citizens of Kazakhstan, as well as persons who have a residence permit, proposals to introduce tax deductions for large families in the draft Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On amendments and additions to the Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated December 10, 2008 "On taxes and other obligatory payments to the budget" (Tax Code).
Order № 20.
Item 52: "To consider the legislative regulation of the civil service"
To implement this order MLSP were sent information to the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan № 04-3-1-19/1907-D letter of 31.10.12 and the President's Administration 04-3-2-19/1907-D № (claim 52 (k) of 29.11.12.
Attached to the note instituted the Republic of Kazakhstan Yergozhin D. from 11/12/2012. № 61-9/808-3 resolutions Executive the Republic of Kazakhstan Massimov on 21.12.2012. № 808-3 and E.T. Orynbayev from 26.12.2012. № 20-8/I-352, 04-32 (52 m.)
Paragraph 52 removed from control.
Ministry of Labour and Social Protection on the results of discussions on the formation of infographics based information materials to execute the President's instructions, database in the article "Social modernization of Kazakhstan: Twenty Steps to the Society of Labor", is currently being finalized available information and graphic material.