Zhakupova S.K. "Under the protection of all will be" the newspaper "Kazakhstan Today" from 31.10.2013.
"all will be Under the protection"
The welfare system in Kazakhstan - a set of measures, including:
- Encouraging stable, paid employment;
- Prevention and compensation of income in the event of a major social risks through social insurance mechanisms;
- Social assistance for vulnerable groups not party to the social security system.
In general, a system of social protection of the population of the Republic of Kazakhstan meets international standards, the requirements of the market economy and the parameters of socially-oriented state. Feature multi-level social security system of Kazakhstan is the combination of basic public social security, mandatory social insurance, pension savings security and social assistance.
Minimum social standards to ensure universal access and socially acceptable quality of the most important social benefits.
A special place in public policy on social protection of citizens takes pensions, which is represented by payments from:
- Basic pension benefit, which is paid to all recipients of pensions and disabled who have reached retirement age. At this level of pension provision is carried out independently of the labor input and income.
The aim is to protect the basic payments from poverty in old age. Its size is currently 50% of the subsistence minimum (9330 KZT), which is almost more than three times its size when administered - in 2005. Gradually payment at the basic level will be closer to the subsistence level.
Recipients of state basic pension payments are currently 1 859.5 thousand people;
- State social benefits (SSB). All citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan against social risks (disability, survivors' and reaching retirement age), regardless of seniority, wages are eligible for SSB. On October 1, 2013 SSB disability receive 481.0 thousand, Survivor - 142.9 thousand families by age - 12.1 thousand.
Dimensions depend on the GSP subsistence level established by law on the national budget for the relevant financial year. Due to increase subsistence allowances raised annually.
The average size of SSB on October 1, 2013 is on disability - 18876 KZT for the loss of a breadwinner - 16910 KZT, by age - 9330 KZT.
For workers engaged in hazardous, dangerous and difficult working conditions and having the desired length of service as of January 1, 1998 the state introduced a special allowance under the list number 1 and number 2. Currently, the number of beneficiaries of a listed number 1 is 24.8 thousand people, a listed number 2 - 12.9 thousand; the benefit is 15579 KZT from Schedule 1 and 13848 KZT from Schedule 2.
- Solidarity pensions from the State Center for Pension Payments from the national budget (occupational pensions);
- Funded Pension of funded pension system by the mandatory pension contributions and mandatory occupational pension contributions;
- Social benefits of JSC "State Social Insurance Fund."
This level is designed to stimulate the entire working population, and sometimes requiring them to participate in social security, in particular in the formation of future pensions.
The right to have solidarity pensions persons reached normal retirement age and having as at January 1, 1998 for at least six months of employment. At the moment they are the recipients of more than 1.8 million people.
In addition, the legislation provides for retirement at age 50 for men and 45 years for women who have suffered from nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site and 53 years for women who have given birth (have adopted , adopt) 5 or more children and raised them to the age of eight.
Amount of cumulative pension depends on the length of the existing on January 1, 1998 seniority and average monthly income, so full pension prescribed for mandatory work experience of 20 years for women and 25 years - for men and account for 60 % of their monthly income, provided for any three consecutive years starting from 1995. If seniority is more than required, the pension is increased by one percent for each year in excess of the required, but not more than 75 % of their monthly income.
If citizens do not have full -time required, the size of the cumulative pension is calculated as a percentage of the full pension is proportional to the one available on January 1, 1998 seniority. For example, if a woman on January 1, 1998 has 15 years’ experience at the required length of service of 20 years, the size of its joint pension will be ¾ of a full pension.
Currently, the average size of the solidarity pension payments is 41651 KZT (minimum - up to 28,396 KZT, maximum - 59,962 KZT).
It is assumed that the appointment and payment of cumulative pension will remain until about 2043. In connection with the "folding" the solidarity system, increasing role in providing citizens allocated pension system, which is the long-term goal of the reform.
Eligible for benefits of the funded pension system investors have mandatory pension payments and mandatory occupational pension contributions, due to pension savings formed by the mandatory pension contributions and mandatory occupational pension contributions.
Mandatory pension contributions are deducted from the employee's monthly income and transferred to an individual retirement account by the depositor in a single accumulative pension fund.
As of September 1, the total amount of pension savings amounted to 3.5 trillion KZT, the number of individual pension accounts is 8.5 million KZT.
In order to strengthen the social protection of the younger generation of workers engaged in work with harmful, hazardous and exploitative labor conditions, with January 1, 2014 introduced a 5% mandatory occupational pension contributions at their own expense employers to employees, which provides a list of occupations.
During the period of operation of the funded pension system total payments amounted to more than 400 billion, and the number of recipients - more than 1 million people.
Social benefits of JSC "National Social Security Fund" under compulsory social insurance of the working population are provided in cases of social risks due to disability, survivor's loss of employment. Additionally, since 2008, introduced new social risks: the case of loss of income due to pregnancy and childbirth, adoption (adoption) of a newborn child (ren) in case of loss of income due to caring for a child reaches the age of one year.
Dimensions of social benefits depend on the length of participation in the social insurance system and the average monthly income received before the party system of social risk.
If in 2005 the number of participants in the social security system was 3.9 million people, or 54.9% of the employed population , in 2013 the number was 5.5 million, or increased by 1.4 times , and the amount of social payments amounted to more than 350 billion KZT.
As of October 1, 2013 SSIF assets given their disposal amounted to 565.7 billion KZT, the number of recipients of social benefits of the SSSS was - 202.0 thousand people, voluntary level - including pension contributions by voluntary pension contributions, insurance payments due to voluntary insurance. Within the framework of voluntary pensions person is entitled to exercise at their own expense to fund its pension plans. Today voluntary retirement accounts are about 40,000 citizens, with the amount of savings of 1.3 billion KZT.
Taken into account and the special needs of persons with disabilities. Adopted new Law "On social protection of disabled people in the Republic of Kazakhstan", "On special social services", at the state level Comprehensive measures for medical, social and vocational rehabilitation of persons who find themselves in difficult situations. Guaranteed provision of free health care, improving the quality of social services, access to education, information, free choice of employment, taking into account health, vocational training and retraining, rehabilitation and employment assistance to ensure their full participation in society.
Reaffirming the commitment to a phased implementation of international standards on the rights of persons with disabilities, Kazakhstan signed the 2008 Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol.
Covered by social security and other categories of people:
20 categories of citizens, who number 1.3 million, regardless of any social allowances paid special state allowance.
Particular attention is among the recipients of special state benefits paid to participants of the Great Patriotic War. So in January 2010, increased size of special state benefits to the Heroes of the Soviet Union, holder of the Order of Glory of three degrees to 130 monthly calculation indices (229,190 KZT), Hero of Socialist Labor party to the Great Patriotic War, up to 70 monthly calculation indices (123,410 KZT).
Citizens who have suffered as a result of nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk test site, a lump sum cash payment, and living in areas exposed to radiation and recognized victims, extra pay and additional paid holidays. These measures are also provided for citizens affected by the ecological disaster in the Aral Sea.
To ensure social support for poor families, local executive bodies provide targeted social assistance (hereinafter - TSA), allowances for children up to 18 years, housing assistance and social benefits to certain categories of citizens to address local representative bodies.
Conditions targeted social assistance provided by the mandatory participation of able-bodied members of low-income families in active employment programs
One of the priorities of social policy includes a system of social support for mothers and children, including several types of payments:
- One-off public assistance in connection with the birth of a child, which is provided to all citizens of the country and repatriates. Since 2010 were increased benefits for the birth of the fourth and subsequent children from 30 to 50 monthly calculation indices (MCI);
- Unemployed women appointed care allowance child reaches the age of one year , in size, differentiated according to the number of children in the family : child care up to 1 year 5.5 MCI for the first child , 6.5 MCI for a second , 7.5 MCI for the third and 8.5 MCI for the fourth and subsequent children ;
- Allowance for children up to 18 years from low-income families with incomes below the food basket;
In 2010, a new kind of monthly benefits the person raising a disabled child in the amount of one minimum wage (in 2013 - 18 660 KZT).
President in Address to the Nation on December 14, 2012 "Strategy" Kazakhstan- 2050": a new policy established state" tasked with improving the system to encourage childbirth and support large families. In this regard, work has begun on the study of international practices to support families with children and its adaptation to the conditions of Kazakhstan according to national circumstances and mentality of Kazakhstan and the country's economy. The result of this work will be to develop a set of measures, including tangible and intangible incentives such as tax rebates, health and social services, the provision of new opportunities in the labor market.
Thus, the system of social protection contributes to the realization of the constitutional rights of citizens to a decent material security upon the occurrence of difficult life situations and social risks.
Annually envisaged for these purposes Republican budget in the order of 40% of the total cost and make this year more than $ 1.2 trillion KZT.