on implementation of the Employment Roadmap 2020 Program
(as of December 1, 2014)
Employment Roadmap 2020 approved by the Governmental Regulation of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated March 31, 2011 No.316, aimed at increasing the incomes of the population by promoting sustainable and productive employment, has been launched from July 1, 2011.
To improve the implementation of the Employment Program the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan adopted an Employment Roadmap 2020 Program dated June 19, 2013 No. 636 (amended and supplemented by the Governmental regulation dated December 31, 2013 No.1548).
The Program includes mechanisms for crisis management, improving the management of the labor market, including forecasting and monitoring of the labor market, involvement of underprovided, unemployed and self-employed people in active measures to promote employment.
The Program is being implemented in following directions:
1. Guaranteed employment through development of infrastructure and housing and communal services.
2. Creation of jobs through development of entrepreneurship and development of supporting villages.
3. Employment assistance through training and relocation within the needs of an employer.
Amount of financing the Program’s measures in the national budget for 2014 taking into account clarifications and adjustments is 95.1 billion tenge.
According to preliminary data, the number of persons who applied for participation in the Program as of December 1, 2014 amounted to 198,123 people, of those 178,522 people have expressed their desire and have been included in the list of Program’s participants.
After consideration of applications, 177,823 people have signed the social contract.
Among the participants who signed the social contract, the unemployed are 102,425 people (57.6%), self-employed - 74,161 people (41.7%) and 1,237 (0.7%) - part-time employees.
Among the persons who signed the social contract under the Program, the share of young people under the age of 29 years is 42.1% (74,818 people), the share of women - 49.7% (88,442 people).
Of the total number of persons who signed the social contract, 25,837 people are underprovided, 5,356 - persons with disabilities, 374 - oralmans, 7,958 - graduates of secondary schools, 22,374 - persons older than 50 years before reaching retirement age, 414 - inmates of a children's home, orphans and children left without parental care.
Since the beginning of this year 153,900 people have been provided with employment assistance under the Program, of those 84,935 are villagers. 126,585 people were employed for permanent jobs, and 79,301 people were employed with no provision of state support to the existing vacancies in the database of available jobs.
The first direction "Guaranteed employment through development of infrastructure and housing and communal services"
For implementation of this direction 53.3 billion tenge were allocated from the state budget in 2014. Additional 23.0 thousand jobs are planned to be created in rural areas through allocated funds under implementation of infrastructure projects. In addition 2,012 projects will be implemented.
As of December 1, 2014, 1,886 objects have been launched, 22,731 people were employed, of those 12,186 people are this Program’s participants or 53.6% of employed.
As of the reporting date, implementation of 1,386 projects has been completed.
The second direction is "Creating jobs through development of entrepreneurship and development of supporting villages".
In 2014 346.5 million tenge were allocated for educating the basics of entrepreneurship; training of 8,374 people was provided.
The total amount of funds allocated to microcredit is 20 634,3 million tenge. Lending of 9.7 thousand participants of the Program will be provided due to these funds.
According to local executive bodies, 8,998 participants have been trained for the basics of entrepreneurship as of October 1, 2014.
The number of microcredit recipients at the reporting date was 8,535 persons; of microcredit recipients 6,169 people started their own business and became first-time entrepreneurs.
Recipients of microcredits have created an additional 6,151 jobs during 9 months of this year, where 3,624 persons were employed through employment centers.
The third direction "Promoting employment through training and relocation within the needs of an employer"
Training and employment assistance
The state budget allocated 9.1 billion tenge for vocational education in 2014.
Training is carried out in 427 educational institutions.
In view of a transient contingent, training covered 35,676 people, of those 12 146 people have started training this year; as of December 1, 2014; 21,100 people completed training, of those 14,611 are employed. In addition, 1,867 people are employed from among persons who have completed training in the previous year.
For organization of social jobs contracts with 5,209 employers were concluded, according to which 18,369 people are employed (planned 12,411 people - 148%).
Also in the current year (as of January 1, 2014) 2,812 people, from the number of employed in 2013, continued working.
The average monthly wage amounted to 47.7 thousand tenge.
9,151 people completed work on social jobs; of those 6,137 people are regular workers.
In addition, 3,441 people from among persons who have completed the social jobs in the previous year have been employed in the current year.
Contracts with 6,655 employers were concluded for organization of youth practice, according to which 17,234 people are employed, representing 142.5% of the plan (12,092 people). Also this year, 1,647 people from among persons directed last year continued working (as of January 1, 2014).
11,891 people completed the youth practice; of those 5,788 people are regular workers.
Of those completed the youth practice in the previous year, 4,652 people have been employed in the current year.
Increasing mobility of manpower resources within the needs of an employer
With adjustments in the period from 2011 to the present time it is planned to build 1,337 houses for 5,377 apartments. Of those, 1,225 individual houses, 100 apartment houses and 12 dormitories.
As of December 1, 2014, construction of 1,237 houses has been completed (4,692 apartments).
Program’s participants and their families inhabited 1,228 houses (4,573 apartments), or 97.5% of commissioned ones.
At present, construction of 100 houses (685 apartments) is in progress.
During 2011-2014, 15,6 thousand people were moved, including 2,937 in 2014, of the total number of moved citizens 7.5 thousand are able-bodied population and 5.8 thousand people, or 77% are employed.