As of January 21, 90 patients diagnosed with flu, were hospitalized to republican hospitals. The patients' health condition is stable and is monitored by the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of RK.
Medical organizations in Kazakhstan are procured with all the required reserve stocks of medicinal products, equipment, emergency supply of antivirals and disinfectants, as well as personal protective equipment (respirators, masks) for flu management. With the purpose to render health care services, 6277 beds are arranged in 19 hospitals for infectious diseases.
Besides, outdoor rounds are arranged in all regions of the Republic for early detection of suspected cases of SARS and influenza.
It should be noted that influenza immunization measures are normally taken prior to epidemic condition in Kazakhstan annually as preventive measures. From October to November 2015, immunization procedures were provided to more than 1 million 700 thousand people, including members of most vulnerable groups (children with chronic pulmonary, cardiovascular diseases, immune deficiency, weaken and sickly children, health care workers, pregnant women, etc.), which accounts for 10% of the total population volume.
Influenza is an acute infectious disease caused by influenzavirus that very rapidly spreads by airborne droplets. The acute phase of the disease is described with a high fever, headache, pain in muscle and joints (joint ache), followed by runny nose, cough and sore throat. Such conditions as late visiting of the doctor, failure to comply with the doctor's prescriptions and concomitant chronic diseases available may result in health complications as pneumonia, bronchitis, bronchopneumonitis and may cause deaths.
It is recommended by theMinistry of Health Care and Social Development of RK for the autumn and winter periods: to use personal protective equipment items, namely, disposable masks changing them every three hours; to seek medical help with first signs of the disease; to follow the doctor's prescriptions; to comply with hygiene rules, and in particular, to wash hands more frequently; to avoid crowded places; to avoid self-treatment.
It is a reminder that, as per the data submitted by the Committee of Consumer Protection of the Ministry of National Economy (MNE) RK, 270 cases of influenza confirmed by the laboratory and over 229 thousand ARVI cases have been registered as of January 15 to occur from the beginning of epidemiologic season (from October 1, 2015). The greater amount of cases refers to children under 14 years of age and makes 70% of the total incidence rate. As per the data on Flu and ARVI epidemiological situation obtained through monitoring, the sanitary condition is stable in the Republic. There are no cases with the excess of marginal control levels. As compared with the identical period for the previous year, the incidence rate is reduced to 13%.