The Vice-minister of healthcare and social development of RK Birzhan Nurymbetov informed about this today at briefing devoted to clarification the norms of project of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "About employment of population" introduced the day before in the Senate of the Parliament.
He reminded, that this bill was developed in the framework of nation's Plan – 100 concrete steps on implementation of five institutional reforms of the Head of state. The document is aimed at formation of flexible labor market and expansion the measures of promotion of employment. During its preparation the fundamental principles of the International Labor Organization are taken into consideration, as well as experience of countries belonging to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and Commonwealth of independent states are studied.
Explaining the norms of bill draft, Birzhan Nurymbetov emphasized, that broadening the categories of persons falling under taking of active measures of promotion of employment and differentiation of these measures were the most important story for the citizens.
"It is very important, that in this bill draft for each type of active measures of promotion of employment defines a priority category of persons. For example, to vocational training along with citizens looking for work and unemployed will also be directed by under the employment contract. The sociality work places will be provided to unemployed. Unemployed among graduates of institutions of education not senior to 29 years will be able to receive the directions on youth practice. It is proposed for the public works to place in a job, as well as students and pupils of senior school of comprehensive schools in the period of summer vacation, as well as persons not provided with work in a connection with enterprise idleness in job. In addition, assistance in entrepreneurship initiative and voluntary relocation will be rendered to the unemployed, even occupied on their own. At the same time, by the bill draft provided allocation of quotas for job placement to the invalids; persons being under registration of probation service; persons released from places of deprivation of liberty; underage graduates of boarding school institutions," said Birzhan Nurymbetov.
With another, not less important innovation to legislation, in the opinion of the Vice-minister is the increase of terms of welfare benefits in case of work losing from 4 till 6 months at the mass liberalization of workers, in other words, bankruptcy or during the discontinuation of the activity of enterprise, reduction of number or staff, dismissal on the economic grounds in a compliance with the new Labor code.
As for the persons of which behind which the payments to the Government fund of social insurance and for persons were being transferred payments are absent additionally to these measures provide: provision of free advice and vocational guidance; directing for training with full recovery of costs for educational services, disbursements of scholarship and financial aid including compensation of expense for residence and passage; the sending up to 6 months for youth practice with full subsidizing of remuneration of labor at the expense of means of budget; job placement to social jobs with subsidizing before the year 1 of the wage of up to 35 % of amount of remuneration of labor established by employer (but not below of minimum wage); rendering of targeted social aid, in the case of person's income or to per each family member does not exceed set value of the poverty line; transfer of contributions to the system of social mandatory health insurance at the expense of the state.
"Since January 1, 2018 in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "About making of changes to some legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on issues of social security of population and introduction of additions to them" the targeted social aid will be paid to employable unemployed citizens only during participation in active measures of promotion of employment. A social contract will be made between the unemployed and employment center. Money aid will not simply be provided to the person, he will be helped to be placed in job, if it is necessary, they will be sent for various retraining and advanced training courses," noticed Birzhan Nurymbetov.
In addition, it is suggested by the bill draft to change the procedure of assignment of the status of unemployed.
"The status of the person looking for a job will be given to the person who addressed to the center of employment of population for promotion in job placement. The person looking for a job for 10 days, will be rendered an assistance in search of suitable job in vacancies available in the market. If during this time the suitable job is not found, the status of an unemployed is assigned to the person, the job seeker is directed for participation in active measures of promotion of employment and to the participant of social insurance system assigns social payment on a case of job losing. The proposed approach is aimed at the exception of formal unemployment registration and reinforcement of its responsibility. Not only a state must be interested in provision of employment and job search, but the unemployed themselves must manifest activity," explained Birzhan Nurymbetov, and added, that for each unemployed by the center of employment of population would be developed an individual job placement map.
For purposes of equalization of regional differences in the labor market of Law project envisages a new measure making more active a voluntary relocation for job placement of persons from towns with low potential of socio-economic development to towns with high potential with consideration for an employer's requirement, as well as to regions defined by the Government of Kazakhstan in the framework of a regional quota of admission of settlers in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "About migration of population".
For an exclusion the duplication of employment of population centers and divisions of employment and social programs' functions, it is proposed to transfer all the authorities on dispatch of citizens for active measures of promotion of employment including for public works to the centers of employment of population. Their activity will be built on the principle of «one window» by the analogy with SCP and directed on conducting active interaction with employers, private employment agencies.
In addition, there is provided for transition to international standards of measurement of labor market' indicators which will give opportunity:
- harmonize our statistical data with international standards;
- specify the number of self-employed citizens, at the necessity to render them assistance on formalization of his activity;
- specify the number of persons occupied with production for the own consumption and render them targeted state support depending on stated by them status.
By the bill draft is also regulated participation of employers in implementation of state employment policy and trade unions in development of normative legal acts on issues of employment of population.