About it the Vice-Minister of Healthcare and Social Development of the RK Alexey Tsoy today spoke at briefing in MHSD RK devoted to issues of immunization of population.
In the beginning of his appearance he noted, that in accordance with data of world statistics the infectious diseases still remained the main reason of the death of people. At the same time in the countries with developed healthcare, people have already forgotten about destructive epidemics of the past caused by outbreaks of natural smallpox, plague, cholera, measles and etc.
Throughout the world the vaccination is recognized as the most effective, economical and affordable remedy in struggle against infections.
"In Kazakhstan in accordance with the National calendar of free inoculations a vaccination of population is conducted against 21 infectious diseases. Our National inoculation calendar corresponds to recommendations of the World Healthcare Organization (further WHO) and schedules of immunization of the majority of developed countries (Austria, Israel, Belgium, Germany, Turkey, Japan). Annually around 20 bln. tenge are allocated for the vaccination in Kazakhstan," Alexey Tsoy informed.
At the same time he emphasized, that all the vaccines being used for immunization of population in our republic were purchased solely from producer factories of brand vaccines certified and recommended by WHO, UNICEF. In addition, all the vaccines before mass administration undergo state registration, preclinical and clinical trials.
Before prophylactic inoculations in binding way an examination of person that is inoculated with registration of informed consent or refusal for administration of prophylactic inoculations is conducted by physician.
In accordance with international data the vaccination can not be the cause of acquisition of disability. According to data of WHO, it is possible reaction after introduction of measles vaccine in form of encephalitis, which is recorded in fewer than 1 case per 1 million people of the vaccinated ones, whereas during the illness with measles in 38 cases of 100 (38%) lung lesions are making develop and in 10 cases of 100 (10%) ill will be die.
After inoculation against AKDS (integrated vaccine against whooping-cough, diphtheria and antitetanic) sometimes happen high temperature and even convulsions. But it is possible with the probability of one case for 200-400 thousand people. 85-100% of ill from tetanic are die, from diphtheria – every fifth one.
Rubella causes severe neonatal malformations in case of every fourth pregnancy complicated with this infection in the first trimester. Epidemic parotitis (mumps) determines till 1/4 of all cases of male infertility.
To the introduction of inoculations might be arise expected and allergic reaction. The expected reaction is shown in form of increase of body temperature, weakness, and ill health. These symptoms can pass themselves, but it is better to address to the medical officer. Constitutional and genetic factors, reduction of resistance of organism in consequence of preceded diseases, disorder of meals, presence of individual increased sensitivity to work of vaccines, as well as primary and secondary immunodeficiency states can be causes of emergence of individual reaction.
"I wish to emphasize, that case of lethality and disability from vaccination is not registered in Kazakhstan. At the same time the parents must know, having refused a vaccination, they are depriving their child of the right to health," summarized Alexey Tsoy.
Data of the Committee of consumer rights protection of the Ministry of national economy of Kazakhstan in recent 20 years has reduced roseola morbidity thanks to the immunization of population in more than 4000 times, whooping-cough – epidemic parotitis, a time in 6,8 – 181,6 times, viral hepatitis of А – в of 146 times. In comparison to preinoculation period (the vaccination started in 1998) morbidity virus hepatitic of "В" among children decreased in 482 times. Low level of tetanic morbidity, virus А-hepatitic are remain. Cases of diphtheria, poliomyelitis are not recorded.