Due to the wide coverage of immunization over the past 25 years, the incidence of mumps has decreased in 435,9 times in Kazakhstan. So, in 1991, it was registered 10898 cases of epiprocta, the indicator on 100 thousand population made up 68.84. In 2015, registered 25 cases, the incidence rate is 0.14 per 100 thousand population.
Mumps is popularly known as "pig". The disease is caused by a virus is unstable in the environment, which is transmitted by airborne droplets. Infection can also occur through household items, toys, infected with the saliva of the patient. Often there are erased form of the disease. In this case, patients are particularly dangerous to others. Infection vulnerable children in the age from 3 to 15 years, but you can get sick and adults.
The disease usually begins acutely. Overall health of the patient deteriorates, decreased appetite, chills and headache. Children complain of pain in the mouth opening, chewing and dry mouth. Often affects the parotid gland and submandibular and sublingual. Fever persists for 5-7 days. Infection mumps often leads to serious complications. These include lesions of the glands of the body (pancreas, thyroid, sexual, etc.), nervous system (meningitis, encephalitis) and others. Consequences of the disease can be diabetes, obesity, testicular atrophy and infertility in males, atrophy of ovaries, infertility, menstrual dysfunction in women.
The main method of preventing disease in children is vaccination. Currently well established combination vaccines that contain attenuated viruses rubella, measles, mumps, as the saying, "in one bottle". Failure to vaccinate can lead to the accumulation of susceptible individuals and cause outbreaks.