In connection with increased incidence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (further - CCHF) in endemic regions of the Republic (South Kazakhstan, Zhambyl and Kyzylorda oblasts) Ministry of Healthcare and Social Development of RK recommends to all citizens of Kazakhstan in case of tick bite immediately contact the medical organization of the Republic.
According to the Committee on consumer protection of Ministry of national economy of RK, in the republic since the beginning of the year were 8 confirmed cases of CCHF (SKO – 4, Zhambyl oblast – 3, Kyzylorda oblast – 1), including 2 cases with fatal outcome (1 case in Zhambyl and South Kazakhstan oblasts).
For the period of the epidemiological season provided the willingness of medical organizations of above regions for the reception of patients diagnosed with CCHF (created stockpiles of antiviral drugs, medicines, plasma of blood, disinfectants and protective equipment). Conducted training of medical personnel in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of CCHF. Medical workers are actively engaged in outreach work among the population.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever – an acute infectious viral disease with high mortality rate, characterized by fever, severe intoxication and hemorrhages on the skin and internal organs. The incubation period ranges from 1 to 14 days (usually 2-7 days).
Infection of humans occurs by the bite of infected ticks; in contact of viruses containing skin and mucous membranes when cutting and manual cleaning of livestock from ticks, butchering infected animals; the care and provision of medical care to patients.
Nowadays, there are no safe and effective vaccine for widespread use among humans in the World. Also, there is no vaccines for vaccinating animals.
The only way to prevent CCHF among people is raising awareness about the risk factors and the measures they can take to prevent infection: wear protective clothing (long sleeves, long pants) preferably light in color, making it easy to detect ticks; use approved chemicals to kill ticks and insect repellents for skin and clothing; regularly examine clothing and skin for ticks, remove them by safety methods; to fight against ticks in the premises for animals; avoid staying in areas where a large number of ticks, the seasons when they are most active; wear gloves and other protective clothing when handling animals or their tissues in endemic areas, especially during slaughtering, butchering and culling in slaughterhouses or at home; avoid close physical contact with CCHF-infected people; wear gloves and protective clothing when caring for patients, wash hands after their visit.