Today in Kazakhstan began a month of celebration of the World day of fight against viral hepatitis. Until August 28 in all regions of the country will hold training workshops for the public and trainings for medical workers. In organizations of primary medical-sanitary care will be organized open days where citizens can get free consultations of infectious disease specialists, gastroenterologists, hepatologists in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of viral hepatitis, and screening examinations of the population.
The purpose of the event: attraction of public attention to strengthening prevention, screening and control of viral hepatitis and its related diseases.
Viral hepatitis is a group of infectious diseases known as hepatitis A, B, C, D and E, which affect hundreds of millions of people in all worldwide, causing acute and chronic liver disease and resulting in almost 1.4 million deaths per year, mostly from hepatitis B and C.
The cause of hepatitis A and E is usually eating contaminated food or water. Hepatitis B, C and D usually occur in the result of contact with infected body fluids. Among the common ways of transmission, include transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, invasive medical procedures using contaminated equipment. Hepatitis B is also transmitted from mother to child during birth, from family member to child and by sexual contact.
Given the wide prevalence of asymptomatic course and unfavorable outcome of the disease and difficulties in diagnosis and treatment of the patient, today the important role played by preventive measures and responsible attitude towards their health.
Considerable importance is compliance with the individual protection measures. This: the use of safe food and water; the use of disposable needles and syringes for injecting; safer sex practices and regular condom use; cosmetic procedures (tattoo, piercing and etc.) in special institutions, having a license; vaccination of children against viral hepatitis B under the National vaccination calendar.