Due to the water quality improvement, increase in sanitary education of citizens and immunization of enacted contingent (workers of sewer and treatment facilities) the case rate of typhoid has decreased be 356 times during the last 25 years in Kazakhstan ( from 356 cases on 100 thousand in 1991 to 1 in 2015).
Typhoid – the infectious disease caused by bacteria of a genus of salmonellas (Salmonella typhi), which is characterized by a canker of lymphatic system of a small bowel, a bacteriemia, a cyclic current with the general intoxication. The mechanism of transfer of activators fecal and oral, infection of people occurs at the use of the infected water or food. The contact and household way of transfer is seldom observed, mainly among children.
The incubatory period lasts most often 9-14 days (minimum - 7 days, maximum - 25 days) that depends on quantity of the microbes got to an organism.
The most dangerous complications of a typhoid are intestinal bleeding, perforative peritonitis and infectious and toxic shock, which can lead to a lethal outcome.
For prevention of infection, it is necessary to follow rules of personal hygiene, to drink only the purified water.
Besides, one of preventive methods is immunization of the enacted groups of the population (workers of sewer and treatment facilities).The emergency prophylaxis in the centers of a typhoid is carried out depending on an epidemiological situation. Caught the typhoid bacteriophage is given, disinfection actions are carried out.