Due to the complex of anti-epidemic and preventive measures taken in Kazakhstan, the risk of HIV infection in health-care organizations is minimized.
Currently, the infection control program acted in all hospitals and health centers of the country provides a one-time use of medical products and infusion solutions, used PPE, and others.
In addition, in order to gain control over the epidemiological situation, as well as professional HIV prevention in 2015, amended in order MHSD of KZ “On approval of rules for confidential medical examination for the presence of HIV individuals for clinical and epidemiological indications” that require health care providers, having contact with blood and other body fluids, twice a year to be screened for HIV.
As a result of taken measures, in connection with the expansion of the contingent of medical workers tested for HIV in the 1st half of 2016 the number of surveys among health care workers increased by 1.8 times, the number of registered HIV cases among health care workers increased by 4.4 times in comparison with the 1st half of 2015.
In accordance with Article 113 of the Code of Public Health and the health care system health care workers who have installed HIV infection, transferred to another job, not related to the violation of the integrity of the skin or mucous membranes.
The above measures will ensure the safety of all medical procedures, to minimize the risks of HIV infection in medical organizations of the republic, as well as improve the detection of HIV infection among the population and to ensure the timely treatment of carriers with antiretroviral therapy.
It must be emphasized that carriers of HIV infection receiving antiretroviral therapy, does not pose a threat to society. Treatment minimizes the risk of transmitting the virus, allowing carriers to give birth to healthy children and to be a full member of society.