In the ranking of the world economic forum's index of Global competitiveness index "HIV Prevalence among population aged 15-49 years" of Kazakhstan, with a figure of 0.18% is in the group of countries occupying the first place. This was stated by Vice-Minister of health and social development of Kazakhstan, Elzhan Birtanov, speaking at the first National conference, "HIV: yesterday, today, tomorrow" held in Almaty.
"Thanks to systematic work on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of HIV infection, held in Kazakhstan over the years of independence, the Republic managed to keep the spread of HIV at the concentrated stage, i.e. among vulnerable groups of the population. This has enabled Kazakhstan over the last two years in the ranking of GCI the world economic forum on the indicator "HIV Prevalence among population aged 15-49 years" to join the group of countries where the prevalence of the disease is not more than 0.2%," said Elzhan Birtanov.
He stressed that Kazakhstan is the only country among the Central Asian republics, providing antiretroviral treatment (ARVs) to HIV patients free of charge (financed from the state budget).
The event was organized by the Republican center for prevention and control of AIDS of the MHSD of the ROK, with the support of the Global Fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria was attended by the deputies of the Mazhilis of the Kazakh Parliament, heads of Central and local Executive bodies, the special envoy of the UN Secretary General on HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and Central Asia Michel Kazatchkin, Director of the UNAIDS regional support team for Eastern Europe and Central Asia UNAIDS Patrick Saldana, regional Manager of the Global Fund to fight AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, Eastern Europe and Central Asia Nicolya Canto as well as the heads of departments of health regions, cities of Astana and Almaty, regional AIDS centers and NGOs.
The conference discussed issues of efficiency of measures of counteraction to HIV infection, implemented in Kazakhstan.
In connection with the transition of Kazakhstan in the category of countries with incomes above average, significantly reduced donor aid, and many preventive measures are supported by the state at the expense of budgetary funds. As a result of ongoing work in the country achieved success in the treatment of HIV infection. Significantly improved the coverage of people living with HIV (hereinafter PLHIV) antiretroviral therapy - from 43% in 2005 to 79% in 2015. As a result of increasing availability of ARV therapy, there is a trend reduction in mortality of PLHIV AIDS, thereby increasing the duration and improving their quality of life.
The availability of testing for HIV infection for the population of Kazakhstan is universal. For detection of HIV infection is tested annually more than 2 million people.
HIV-infected women and children born from them, receive preventive treatment in accordance with who recommendations, at the expense of the Republican budget.
On the day of completion of the conference October 13, a Resolution will be adopted with solutions aimed at achieving the sustainable development Goals adopted in September 2015 by the UN General Assembly "to end the epidemic of HIV/AIDS by 2030.