Over the past 25 years, the incidence of salmonellas in Kazakhstan among children decreased by 7.5 times. So, in 1991, were 8827 cases among the adult population, including among children – 3668 cases against 1361 case (488 among children) in 2015.
Salmonellas – an acute infectious disease caused by the bacteria Salmonella and is characterized by fever, severe pain in the abdomen, vomiting, and diarrhea. Symptoms appear within 6 -72 hours (usually 12-36 hours) after infection and the illness lasts from 3 to 8 days.
Most cases of salmonellas are relatively mild, patients recover without specific treatment. However, the dehydration caused by the disease may pose a threat to the lives of young children and the elderly.
According to the world health organization, occur worldwide every year tens of millions of human cases, and more than a hundred thousand cases the disease is fatal.
People infected with Salmonella usually through the consumption of products of animal origin (eggs, meat, milk, etc.), although the transmission can be involved and other foods, including green vegetables contaminated with manure. Disease in humans also occurs through contact with infected animals, including Pets. In some cases the source of infection may be sick people.
For the prevention of salmonellas requires control measures at all levels of the food chain – from slaughtering and processing of carcasses to the production and preparation of food in commercial establishments and at home. It is necessary to carefully wash hands especially after contact with Pets or farm animals, or after using the toilet. Thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables, especially when eaten raw.