This was at the seminar-meeting on issues of realization of the program of development of productive employment and mass business for the years 2017-2021, which was held today in the city of Kostanay in the framework of the explanations of the President's address, "the Third modernization of Kazakhstan: global competitiveness," said Minister of labor and social protection of population of Kazakhstan Tamara Duissenova.
The event was attended by the heads of regional administrations, mayors of districts and cities, heads of district and city departments of employment and social programs, employment centers, representatives of the regional Chamber of entrepreneurs of Kostanay region, of the branches of JSC "Fund for financial support of agriculture", JSC "entrepreneurship development Fund "Damu", JSC "agrarian credit Corporation", of the second tier banks and organizations of education.
At the beginning of her speech, she recalled that in her last Message to the people of Kazakhstan the Head of state announced the transition to the third upgrade, which should ensure the entry of Kazakhstan into number of 30 developed countries in the world and has set the Ministry a number of specific tasks for solving problems in social-labor sphere.
"The first task is the modernization of the labor market. It provides for the implementation of several important measures. The first of them is the increasing of manpower to empower their self-employment or start their own business," - said Tamara Duissenova.
The Minister noted that last year uncovered there were more than 26 thousand vacancies declared by employers. These jobs could not qualify 26% of young people from among the economically active, as they have only school education. And on the profession of the majority of graduates of higher and secondary special educational institutions there is no demand in the labor market or their qualifications do not meet the requirements of employers.
"To prevent the deepening of this trend and increase the manpower on behalf of the Head of state developed a new Program of productive employment and mass entrepreneurship (hereinafter - the Program). Its main goal is the organization of mass training of citizens in demand on the labor market professions or entrepreneurship.
In this regard, we together with local authorities we will, first, determine the number of jobs created. This work has already begun, according to preliminary calculations, the total number of jobs created in the framework of implementation of state and sectoral programs and regional development programs, will amount to 154 thousand In the second place, it is necessary to represent the citizens of the list of professions demanded by the labor market or the priority directions of entrepreneurship. This list will be determined on the basis of the comprehensive plan, formed by the local authorities, and vacancies declared by employers to employment centers and electronic resources. Third, training citizens to obtain them for free first profession in organizations of technical and vocational education (further – VET) and second profession in the framework of short courses. The state will fully cover the cost of tuition, pay a stipend to reimburse expenses for travel and accommodation and will also provide disposable hot meals for students at VET institutions," - said Tamara Duissenova.
To ensure the effectiveness of short courses in conjunction with local authorities will implement the following special projects:
- training of teachers and professional nannies for children of preschool age in order to involve women's retirement age to productive employment with the ability to open mini-gardens at home;
- training of trainers in social work to care for persons in need of special social services, with the possibility to open houses of small capacity for this category of citizens;
- entrepreneurship training in the framework of the project "Bastau Business" implemented by the National chamber of entrepreneurs of Kazakhstan "Atameken";
- training demanded in the labor market or declared by employers professions;
- mass teaching of computer literacy.
To ensure availability of training to citizens living in remote rural areas, will be organized mobile training centers: in the form of mobile systems with special classes in Akmola, Aktobe, East Kazakhstan, Mangistau and Kostanay regions; on the basis of small schools in remote rural localities; on the basis of employers.
Upon completion of training there will be an independent assessment of knowledge, skills and abilities of each participant of the Program and its results, they will be awarded a certificate. The person who received it, will be able to work independently, can be directed to vacant jobs, social jobs and youth practice, to obtain a loan and start their own business.
"At the present time of the proposed 8 special projects in Kostanay oblast plans to implement 4 projects: "professional nanny", "vacancy", "training" and "profession", - informed the Minister.
Tamara Duissenova noted that the loans for the Program participants in the cities will be issued by the Fund "Damu", and in the villages and small cities Fund support for agriculture and Agrarian credit Corporation. The amount of the granted credits increased to 8 thousand MCI (up to KZT 18 million) with a period of 5 years (the livestock and agricultural cooperatives up to 7 years) and annual interest rate to 6%. For loans through the Agricultural credit Corporation introduces the mechanism of loan guarantee: up to 85% for start-up entrepreneurs and up to 50% for existing.
This year, budget expenditures on the Program amounted to 85.3 billion.
The second step in the modernization of the labor market, the Minister mentioned the management of the flow of labor from one industry to another.
"It is also a world trend of economic development. In connection with the introduction of new technologies and changing demand for products is changing the sectoral structure of production. If in 80-ies years in the national economy largest share of the employed population were in the industrial sector, in recent years the service sector. There are new production and profession. In this regard, we jointly with employers and local Executive bodies is necessary for regions to determine the list of industries and enterprises, introducing new technologies and planning to reduce jobs, and to develop and ensure implementation of the roadmap for specific training and retraining redundant workers for other activities," - said Tamara Duissenova.
As part of the modernization of the labor market in Kazakhstan will create a single electronic exchange, where they will find all the information about job vacancies and job seekers. In this regard, this year will be reformatted to work employment centres.
Provides for the implementation of new standards of rendering of services, the transformation of employment centers of the state institutions in the public utility company on right of economic management. This should allow, as in the private sector, to pay work of workers centers on the end result. It is also planned to equip the employment centers with new computers, install software, provide access to all information systems of the Ministry and of the reference databases. To improve the service rendered services this year we plan to introduce digital Queuing at employment centers located in the cities of Astana, Almaty and regional centers.
"Today we with local authorities agreed to a timetable for the implementation of these reforms. The activity and coordination of work of local Executive bodies depend largely on the questions to prevent the growth of unemployment and social welfare of the residents of the region. In this regard, please conduct outreach in the media and among the population to raise awareness about measures of state support under the new Program.
Sure designed on behalf of the Head of the state Program of development of productive employment and mass entrepreneurship, which was launched this year, will have a positive impact on the situation on the labor market of Kostanay region", - concluded the Minister.
Today within the working trip to Kostanay oblast Tamara Duissenova will take part in the Reporting meeting the head of the region Arkhimed Mukhambetov with the population.