According to Svetlana Zhakupova: "the Government's work in the social sector implies an integrated and systematic approach to the solution of the entire scope of tasks for all recipients of government assistance.
Two million of Kazakh pensioners have received pension increases of 20% compared to last year. As a result, from 1 July 2017 size: the basic pension is 14 466 KZT, the minimum pension– KZT 31 245.
Next year we plan to raise the solidarity pensions ahead of projected inflation of 2%.
In addition, with the revision of the structure of the living wage and its growth in the next year by 16%, the proportional increased benefits for disability and loss of breadwinner. This will affect about 570 thousand of the recipients of these benefits.
In addition to the increases in the allowances to separate categories, we believe it is important to work on the modernization of social services and to come to grips with those categories, which they say is much less than is and other persons who are in difficult life situation. The work will be aimed at providing them with quality social services".
Modernization of pension system
The Ministry of labour and social protection of the population conducts active work on clarification of a new mechanism for appointment of the basic pension, which will be implemented from 1 July 2018.
Enter the order of appointment of basic pension benefits will encourage formal employment, since the size of all types of pensions will depend on the period of participation in the pension system and savings of the citizens themselves.
Currently the basic pension is assigned to persons who have reached retirement age are in the same size without regard to seniority and to participate in formation of pension savings. From next year the pension will be appointed depending on the length of the pension system. This will take into account not only the period of earnings pension contributions to accumulative pension system since 1998, but also work experience prior to 1998.
This approach restores justice in respect of persons receiving the minimum pension today, with 30 to 40 years seniority. For those with experience of more than 33 years until 1998 or based on experience since 1998, the basic pension will be increased twice compared to the current. If today is 14 thousand tenge, from 1 July 2018, this group of retirees will receive 28 thousand tenge.
Targeted social assistance to the new format
From 1 January 2018, on behalf of the Head of state in the framework of the national Plan, Kazakhstan will officially switch to the new format of targeted social assistance.
Low-income families (individuals) with per capita incomes below 50 percent of the subsistence level from 1 January 2018 will receive increased benefits. However, this benefit will be payable if the participation is not working able-bodied family members in the proposed government measures employment.
Thus, families in need will receive 2 packages of social support is a cash benefit, as well as a range of services including the opportunity to study at state expense, microcredit at the expense of the state and the possibility of relocation by the state to the regions, where the demand for labour resources, under condition of participation in the employment program.
To prepare for the new format of targeted social assistance in Kazakhstan for the fourth year, a project "Orleu". In the pilot regions, the project has shown its effectiveness, and today it covers all areas.
The total budget for the project "Orleu" this year there are 7.1 billion. For the first half of the project was attended by 107 thousand people, of which 20 986 people or 95% of the number of able-bodied participants provided measures of employment.
Thus, the introduction of the new TSA format will enhance the social responsibility of recipients of social assistance, strengthening their motivation to find work and self-sufficiency, and to increase participation of poor people in the economy and in society. Ultimately, this has a positive impact on the quality of life of low-income citizens.
Modernization of the system of social services
Reforming the system of social services goes since 2009. The main results of the reforms were:
- ability citizens a choice of service organizations. Earlier had told people in the homes where they live from 100 to 600 people, and now these services are provided by non-governmental organizations. Today 106 non-governmental organizations are covered by more than 6 thousand persons. Without this work, the state would have to build 60 new homes;
- many parents wanted to keep their children in families, therefore, were opened specialized offices of the day. Today, more than six hundred children who previously resided in nursing homes, returned to their families and continue to receive services in the daily offices;
- the opportunity of co-financing for those citizens who are not entitled to free social services.
At the moment there is a growing demand and a need arose to expand the types of special social services for categories such as victims of trafficking, domestic violence, persons without a certain residence, etc.
In this regard, within the framework of the program article "looking to the future: the Modernization of public consciousness" by the Ministry of labor and social protection has prepared a new concept for the further development of the system of social services addressing the following areas:
- ensuring the availability of services in rural areas, because today, NGO work mainly in the cities. To address this question it is planned to involve the private sector.
- revision of service tariffs and standards for involving the private sector. They will be tailored to the actual real costs of the state medical and social institutions and NGO.
Due to the competition of the labor MLSPP expects to improve the quality of services. In this context will be developed new standards, revised system of training and retraining. Also addresses the issue of wage increases due to changes in funding mechanism.
According to the plans of the labor MLSPP in the future, the organization of social services in the new environment will be based on joint participation of the state, citizen and family.