The implementation of the Program for the Development of Productive Employment and Mass Entrepreneurship for 2017-2021 following the results of the first half of the year was considered at a meeting of the Government of the RK on July 10, 2018.
As the Minister of Labor and Social Protection of Population of the Republic of Kazakhstan Madina Abylkasymova noted, this year 110.6 billion tenge allocated for the implementation of the Program will allow 571 thousand citizens to cover employment assistance measures.
To date, almost 290,000 unemployed and unproductive self-employed citizens are covered by employment measures, of which 243,000 are employed.
Minister Madina Abylkasymova elaborated on three main areas of the Program's development.
In the first direction - mass training in the professions demanded on the labor market, from September 1 of the current year 21 thousand young people will start training in colleges. In addition, 37.2 thousand unemployed and self-employed citizens are to be trained on the basis of colleges and training centers of the Atameken NPP.
"The key indicator of the Program is employment after completion of training. So, out of 9.5 thousand completed short-term vocational training, 50% or 4.7 thousand people are employed. High rates of employment are noted in Kostanai, Akmola and Karaganda regions, while weak job placement is conducted in South Kazakhstan, East Kazakhstan, Kyzylorda, Atyrau and West Kazakhstan oblasts, "the minister said.
In the second direction of the Program, within the framework of the Fourth Social Initiative of the Head of State, in 2018 the volume of financing of the microcredit program was increased by KZT 20 billion and is KZT 62.6 billion. Thus, it is planned to cover microcrediting more than 14 thousand people.
To date, 3,027 microcredits have been issued, including 1,567 microcredits (52%) for the Start-up project support, 74 microcredits (3%) for the development of a new line of anchor cooperation, and 476 microcredits for the expansion of its own business 18%).
The average size of microcredits in rural areas is - 3.6 million tenge, and in cities - 11 million tenge. In general, 1,808 jobs were created in addition to microcredit recipients.
According to the Bastau-Business project in 2018, it is planned to train 30,000 citizens, which is 2.4 billion tenge.
"This year, on a special control are the projects of the participants of the" Bastau Business "in 2017, which will firstly be financed and all their data will be transferred to the operators of the program. As of July 1, 2018, out of 3,217 people trained in 2017, 720 people received microcredits, "the Labor Minister summed up.
Within the third direction of the Program, state support measures are provided to promote employment for socially vulnerable groups of the population and mobility of labor resources.
According to the plan in 2018, 91.3 thousand people will be employed for social work and social work, 14 000 young people are planned to be sent to youth practice.
To fill the deficit of personnel in the northern regions of the country in 2018, it is planned to resettle 2 328 families (9.1 thousand people) from the surplus southern regions. At the same time, support for resettlement provides for relocation subsidies in the amount of 84.2 thousand tenge and for rent or housing repayment on a monthly basis during the year.
Today, 412 families or 1 607 people have already been resettled, 350 of them are employed.
As the minister noted, the main focus of the Program for the Development of Productive Employment and Mass Entrepreneurship is employment for permanent jobs and the creation of new high-performance jobs.
"Within the framework of the implementation of the Comprehensive Employment Promotion Plans, 273,000 people are employed, 24,000 people are employed for projects under state programs, in addition, 160,000 people are additionally employed through the electronic labor exchange," M. Abylkasymova said.
Also, the head of the agency emphasized that since this year all state employment centers provide professional orientation and provide an individual approach to each applicant in the selection of suitable work.
In addition, the Ministry is working on the modernization and preparation of the labor market in conditions of digitalization.
In this regard, the Minister made proposals for a number of complex changes in the Program, such as increasing the quota for vocational training for first qualification, reviewing training-oriented approaches to employment, and the possibility of online training.
In addition, the Minister of Labor described the development of a mechanism for the construction and acquisition of housing for immigrants. The pilot of this project was proposed to test in the North-Kazakhstan region, and subsequently to extend it to other regions.