To date, Kazakhstan is actively working to create a barrier-free environment for people with disabilities.
Thus, according to the Labor Committee, Social Protection and Migration, the MLSP of the Republic of Kazakhstan as of July 1, 2018, for the convenience of citizens with special needs, 18,200 objects (86.1%) were adapted. A total of 32.6 thousand social infrastructure facilities were certified for further adaptation at 31.5 thousand facilities, which is 98.4% of the planned.
At the same time, in order to effectively implement the accessibility of the environment on an ongoing basis, the function of state control is exercised.
Since the beginning of 2018, 305 inspections have been carried out. As a result, 235 subjects of control were issued with orders to eliminate identified violations, 63 administrative fines were imposed for a total of KZT 13.9 million.
In order to effectively monitor the adaptation of social and transport infrastructure for people with disabilities, an Interactive Map of Accessibility has been developed, where every citizen, including tourists from the low-mobility population groups, can learn about the facilities. To date, this map contains all the certified objects.
Recall that in 2015 Kazakhstan ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, having undertaken the obligations to implement international standards for persons with disabilities.
In the implementation of the Convention on December 3, 2015, the Law "On Amendments and Additions to Certain Legislative Acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the Protection of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities" was adopted, amending 24 legislative acts.
The main direction of the Law is aimed at creating conditions for unhindered movement for disabled people. Thus, at railway stations and stations, at the port and airports, the following requirements were introduced:
• allocation of places with installation of special road signs for parking of vehicles of invalids;
• equipment with information signaling devices and communication facilities accessible to the disabled by hearing and sight;
• availability of a wheelchair attendant on duty to service disabled people with disorders of the musculoskeletal system and other low-mobility groups of the population;
• installation of specialized payphones for persons traveling by wheelchairs;