Press release on the anniversary of the signing of the Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the closure of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site
In order to create a nuclear potential that ensured strategic military parity between the USSR and the USA, the USSR Council of Ministers Decree of November 14, 1946, created the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site.
The landfill, located at the junction of the East Kazakhstan, Pavlodar and Karaganda regions, occupied an area of 18.5 thousand square meters. km.
During the test site (1949-1989), 468 nuclear tests were conducted on its territory, in which at least 616 nuclear and thermonuclear devices were blasted, including 125 atmospheric, 343 nuclear explosions under the ground. Dozens of hydronuclear and hydrodynamic tests were also carried out.
According to various experts, about 1.3 million people were exposed to radiation. About 600 thousand of them live in Kazakhstan today.
On August 29, 1991, by the decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site was closed.
In 1992, the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On Social Protection of Citizens Affected by Nuclear Tests in the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Area" was adopted in order to eliminate the consequences of nuclear tests, which require a set of measures for treatment, rehabilitation, polygon "(hereinafter - the Law).
According to the Law, the population affected by nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk test site is provided with the payment of a one-time state monetary compensation to citizens who lived and lived from 1949 to 1990 in zones exposed to radiation effects during nuclear tests.
Only for the period from 2003 to 2017, a one-time state monetary compensation was paid to more than 700.6 thousand citizens, who lived and lived in the areas exposed to radiation pollution, in the amount of 11.4 billion tenge.
The population living in the territory affected by radiation exposure, depending on the area of residence, has the right to additional pay for 1 to 2 MCI, an annual additional paid leave of 5 to 14 calendar days.
At the same time, the costs of additional pay and additional paid leave are shared by all organizations.
Also, citizens living in the zones of extreme and maximum radiation risks who have retired before January 1, 1998, are paid a supplement to pensions.
There is a right to receive pension payments earlier than the generally established retirement age for citizens who lived in the zones of extreme and maximum radiation risk during the period from 1949 to 1963 for at least 5 years, for men at the age of 50 years, for women - 45 years.
Persons who participated directly in nuclear tests and exercises, irrespective of other social payments, are paid monthly a special state allowance in the amount of 6.19 MCI, in 2018 - 14,887 tenge, and persons who became disabled due to the radiation impact from the nuclear test at the Semipalatinsk test nuclear test site in the amount of 7.55 MCI, in 2018 - 18,158 tenge, they are also paid state social benefit in an increased amount, so the disabled of the first group 79 479 tenge, the disabled veterans 67 882 tenge, to invalids of the third group of 56 851 tenge.
Considerable attention is paid to the social protection of women of childbearing age and children living in territories exposed to nuclear tests, who are given prolonged maternity leave - 170 calendar days with normal births and 184 days - in cases of complicated childbirth or at the birth of two or more children.
Children and adolescents under the age of 18 living in areas affected by nuclear tests are entitled to free medical treatment (for medical reasons) in sanatoriums and health institutions.
For the purpose of the in-depth study of the health status of the population affected and living on the territories of radiation exposure, the Research Institute of Radiation Medicine and Ecology has been functioning in the city of Semey since 1991. Annually more than 900 people receive specialized medical care from highly qualified specialists of the Institute, about 4 thousand people undergo comprehensive medical examinations every year.
In addition, the financing of health organizations located in the affected areas is carried out in an increased amount by applying environmental factors to tariffs for their medical services.
To ensure the personal registration of citizens affected by nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk test site, the State Scientific Automated Medical Register has been functioning since 2003 on the basis of the Institute.
To date, the register has personal passport and registration and medical data of more than 353 thousand people.