September 28 in the Mazhilis of the Parliament of Kazakhstan held parliamentary hearings "Problems and prospects of development of the employment sector".
The main issues for discussion were topical issues of the state of the labor market, employment of citizens, employment, formalization of the self-employed population.
The event was attended by deputies of the Parliament, members of the Government, heads of state bodies, representatives of NCE Atameken, public associations, employers, employment centers, private employment agencies, as well as foreign and domestic experts.
Madina Abylkasymova, Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Republic of Kazakhstan, voiced the main indicators of the labor market development.
On behalf of the President, the Government, together with local executive bodies, from January 1, 2017, is implementing the Program for the Development of Productive Employment and Mass Entrepreneurship for 2017-2021.
Since the beginning of the implementation of the Program, more than 1 million people have been covered with employment promotion measures, 805 thousand people have been employed, 555 thousand of them - to permanent jobs. This is 70% of all who applied for participation. In comparison with indicators of similar programs in other countries, this indicator demonstrates the high effectiveness of measures taken to promote employment.
More than 200 thousand citizens assisted in finding employment.
On the instructions of the Head of State, the project “Free VET” is being implemented, within which young people without qualifications can study for free the first specialty. Already, more than 40 thousand people are studying in colleges in popular specialties.
Since the beginning of 2017, 107 thousand people have been enrolled in short-term vocational courses, 90 thousand young people have completed training.
The “Youth practice” direction is important in the framework of the Program, which allows young people to get first job experience and practical skills in their specialties in order to become competitive in the labor market. Since 2017, 48,000 people have been sent to practice.
The second direction of the Program is aimed at the development of mass entrepreneurship.
As part of the implementation of the Fourth Social Initiative of the Head of State to expand the microcredit program, the amount of funding this year has been increased by 20 billion KZT and amounts to 62 billion KZT.
"The development of entrepreneurship is an opportunity not only to start your own business but also to create additional jobs. Special attention is required to stimulate the growth of incomes and employment of the rural population. Therefore, 73% of all funds allocated for microcredit in villages and small towns. Following the results of 8 months of the current year. about 8 thousand microloans have already been issued and 6 thousand new jobs have been additionally created, ”said Madina Abylkasymova.
For the effective development of the country's economy, it is very important that the balance of labor resources between regions is maintained. In this regard, the third direction of the Program is envisaged - increasing the mobility of labor resources.
During 2017-2018, 2.3 thousand families have already been resettled, which is about 7.8 thousand people. Of the migrants of working age, more than 60% are employed.
The head of the department noted that in order to increase the effectiveness of existing instruments, the ministry prepared appropriate changes to the Program.
“In particular, short-term vocational education will be focused on compulsory employment, an instrument of“ anchor "cooperation in the countryside around processing agricultural enterprises will be developed - this will ensure a guaranteed sale of products for loan recipients. A new mechanism for providing housing for immigrants through the construction and purchase of housing. The pilot approbation of the mechanism has already begun in the North Kazakhstan region. Corresponding changes to the Program are planned to be adopted in October of this year, ”M. Abylkasymova noted.
Today a large-scale modernization of the labor market infrastructure is underway. This is necessary to increase the mobility of citizens in the labor market and simplify the employment process.
Two main projects are being implemented in this direction. The first is the Electronic Labor Exchange, which is in effect from January 1, 2018. It brings together 66 thousand employers and more than 220 thousand applicants. This year, 263 thousand people were employed by the Electronic Labor Exchange.
The second project is the modernization of employment services. For each citizen, their level of skills and needs are diagnosed and an individual employment plan is developed. Employment centers work with employers as professional HR-recruitment services.
The new approach is already yielding results: over 8 months, about 477 thousand people turned to employment centers, which is 8% more than in 2017, and the indicator on employment of citizens for permanent work increased by 18%.
The Ministry is working to formalize the self-employed and informal employed population as part of the implementation of the Roadmap for the formalization of employment.
Today, out of 2.7 million people, at the beginning of the year, almost 1.5 million people have been updated.
To simplify the mechanism of registration of self-employed in the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, a draft law was introduced providing for the introduction of a single cumulative payment. The CAP will protect their labor and social rights and expand social support.
Speaking about the prospects for the development of the labor market, the minister drew attention to the main global challenges. So, to ensure the balance of supply and demand in the labor market, the development of the National System for Forecasting the Need for Personnel will serve
Taking into account the needs of the labor market and employers, the National Qualifications System will be developed.
As a result of the technological modernization of production, the release of labor is possible. In this direction, together with the regions, work is underway to conclude road maps on the controlled flow of workers with large enterprises.
In order to eliminate the shortage of qualifications, work is underway to attract foreign labor.
It was noted that the private sector, including SME projects, should become the main generator of the creation of productive jobs. In this regard, coordination work will be strengthened to encourage private enterprises to create jobs.