Every year in Kazakhstan on October 1, the International Day of Older Persons is celebrated, as a tribute to the traditions of respect and honoring old age, a sign of recognition of the merits of the elderly, their multifaceted contribution to the development of the state.
Each new generation of Kazakhstanis is learning from the wisdom of their elders, their experience and moral qualities. They defended and defended the world by their heroic deed during the war, suffered hunger and hardship to save life on earth, restored the destroyed national economy in the post-war years, and by their work made a worthy contribution to the development of the economy.
The state is aware of its duty to the older generation. Debt that can be paid only by the daily care, support, which has become today part of the state social policy.
The International Day of Older Persons was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly on December 14, 1990.
The purpose of the Day of Older Persons is to draw public attention to the problems of older people, increase public awareness of the problem of the demographic aging of society, the individual and social needs of older people, their contribution to the development of society, the need to change attitudes towards older people; ensuring the elderly people independence, participation in the life of society, necessary care, conditions for the realization of inner potential and maintenance of their dignity.
Taking care of ensuring a decent old age of every citizen is one of the main tasks of the social policy of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Social protection measures for people of the older generation are being implemented, both at the central and regional levels.
A key component of the state policy in the field of social protection of the population is pensions.
On June 20, 2017, the Head of State signed the Law “On Amendments and Additions to Certain Legislative Acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Social Security Issues”, which provides for a number of initiatives to improve pensions.
In particular, from January 1, 2018, in pursuance of the instructions of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.A. Nazarbayev, the size of pension payments for age and pension payments for years of service, the size of the state basic pension payments increased to ensure their growth to 20% in comparison with 2017.
In order to prevent the poverty of pensioners and stimulate the economic activity of citizens, the procedure for granting a basic pension, which will be assigned depending on the work experience and the length of participation in the pension system, has changed from July 1, 2018. That is, pensions will be higher for those citizens who worked more and provided contributions to the pension system.
In addition, on behalf of the Head of State, from January 1, 2018, the structure of the subsistence minimum was revised by increasing the share of the non-food part in it from 40% to 45%.
As a result of the revision from January 1, 2018, compared with 2017, the subsistence minimum dependents increased to 16%, and social payments from the subsistence minimum increased accordingly. This affected the income of more than 3 million Kazakhstanis.
Today, more than 2,148 thousand pensioners by age live in Kazakhstan.
In honor of celebrating the International Day of Older Persons in the Republic, events are held throughout the country dedicated to caring for older people, which, by a good tradition, have grown into a month.
Akims of regions, cities and districts, heads of enterprises and organizations organize social support for retirees, disabled people, war and labor veterans with the provision of material assistance, organization of concert programs, free visits to theaters, museums, exhibitions, excursions, meetings in labor collectives, open house days in outpatient clinics and other events.
In general, during the current year, taking into account the capabilities of local budgets and within the framework of social responsibility of business, it is planned to allocate over 7 billion KZT (of which from the local budget — over 6 billion KZT, at the expense of attracted funds — 1 billion KZT), including:
for one-time financial assistance - 3,189,566.3 thousand KZT (196,533 people);
provision of preferential fares on public transport - 471,215.0 thousand KZT (136,485 people);
preferential drug provision - 352,415.1 thousand KZT (32,539 people);
dental prosthetics - 187,543.5 thousand KZT (3,850 people);
the provision of sanatorium-resort treatment - 1,198,098.6 thousand KZT (15,925 people);
housing repair - 19,847.2 thousand KZT (258 people);
provision of fuel - 176,134.2 thousand KZT (9,300 people);
provision of food packages - 341 349.1 thousand KZT (49 801 people)
other types of assistance - 636,819.2 thousand KZT (64,454 people).
Currently, at the expense of the local budget, senior citizens and people with disabilities are provided with special social services. Today, there are 114 stationary residential homes, 75-day hospitals (with disabilities), whose services cover more than 3.0 thousand elderly.
Conditions are being created for the rehabilitation of elderly people in day hospitals and in-patient hospitals at home, including for single and non-transportable persons.
Since 2011, all polyclinics have introduced social workers and psychologists who provide assistance to patients suffering from chronic diseases, requiring maximum attention and the provision of not only medical but also psychological and social assistance.
In order to provide constant patronage of patients with chronic forms of diseases, fulfillment of appointments, nursing care at home for patients at the assigned site, the additional staff of nurses is provided to help the local doctor and general practitioner, which will improve the provision of medical care.