The event was attended by political and public figures of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and the United States.
During the conference, it was repeatedly stressed that a favorable legal and social environment is being formed in the countries of Central Asia for the comfortable development of women's business skills and their involvement in entrepreneurship and social activities.
In his speech, the Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Population M.Ye. Abylkasymova noted that, to date, support for women's economic growth and opportunities is an urgent issue not only for Afghanistan but also for all countries of the world.
The head of the department highlighted five main areas on which Kazakhstan’s policy to empower women is based.
So, the first direction is a strong institutional base. In Kazakhstan, equal rights for women and men are enshrined in all basic laws, including the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The country has ratified fundamental international documents in the field of gender equality.
The second direction the minister called access to education. Today, in Kazakhstan, the number of employed women with higher and secondary vocational education is higher compared to men and is 52%.
Thirdly, social support programs are an important direction for the empowerment of women. The modern Kazakhstan labor market is characterized by high female employment. Thus, in the Global Competitiveness Index in terms of “Working women, the proportion in relation to men”, Kazakhstan is in the top 30 in the list of leaders.
“The state implements employment promotion programs in the country. Since 2017, the Program for the Development of Productive Employment and Mass Entrepreneurship has been implemented. The program provides support to small and medium-sized businesses in terms of financing, teaching the basics of entrepreneurship. Thanks to these measures, today 44% of all SME enterprises are headed by women, ”said Madina Abylkasymova.
The creation of conditions for the support of motherhood and childhood was noted as the fourth direction. In this direction, Kazakhstan provides maternity leave for up to 3 years with the preservation of the workplace, maternity benefits, and child care benefits when they reach one year old.
In the fifth direction, the Minister noted the creation of a civil society promoting the rights of women. Today in the country there are organizations and associations that support women. Thanks to their activities, many of them were able to believe in their own strength, and not only create their own business, but also additional jobs, thereby strengthening the country's economy.
At the end of her speech, Madina Abylkasymova highlighted the importance of joint efforts to empower and ensure equal opportunities for women.