This was reported by the Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Population Madina Abylkasymova on November 13 during the Republican meeting in Karaganda "Social and Labor Policy of Companies: Experience and Prospects for Development", which was chaired by First Deputy Prime Minister Askar Mamin.
The second interregional meeting devoted to the discussion of topical issues of the social and labor sphere was attended by the leaders of more than 100 large domestic enterprises, the Federation of Trade Unions, NPP Atameken, deputy akims of regions supervising social partnership of Karaganda, East Kazakhstan, Pavlodar, Kostanay, Akmola, North - Kazakhstan regions and Astana.
Practically all large enterprises of the mining and metallurgical industry of the republic (ERG, Kazcinc, Arcelor Mittal Temirtau), as well as those representing the oil and gas sector, construction, agriculture, and the services sector, are concentrated in these 7 regions. They have over 74 thousand active enterprises, which employ more than 2.7 million employees, which is 41% of the total number of workers in the country.
The Minister focused on the solution of five main tasks in the social and labor sphere.
The first task is the implementation of the order designated in the Address of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan of October 5 of this year. about the increase in the minimum wage from January 1, 2019, by 1.5 times or to 42.5 thousand tenges.
“The increase in the minimum wage bill will positively affect the growth of incomes of the working population. As a result, wages for 1.3 million low-wage employees, including those in the public sector, will increase by an average of 30%, ”said Madina Abylkasymova.
To ensure the interdigit balance of wages of workers with regard to their qualifications, an additional analysis was conducted to determine low-paid categories of workers.
The results of the analysis showed that in 2,250 large enterprises, up to 1 million workers receive wages below the average wage.
According to the information of local executive bodies, on November 12 of the current year in the republic, about 1,000 employers expressed readiness to raise wages to 75,000 employees. The Minister thanked the heads of the companies ERG, Kazcinc, Arcelor Mittal Temirtau, who supported this initiative and will increase the wages of employees. “We believe that other companies will follow their example,” the minister noted.
Monitoring of wage increases for low-wage categories of workers will be conducted by Republican and regional headquarters established under the ministry and akimats.
The second task concerns the adoption of systemic measures for the prevention and prevention of collective labor disputes. The situation at the enterprises of the country is assessed according to the Labor Risk Card, within which monthly monitoring covers more than 200 enterprises at risk with more than 100 thousand employees.
For these enterprises, local executive bodies are taking response measures, including the implementation of inspections, and hearing of managers at meetings of social partnership commissions. The result of this work is the reduction in the last years of labor conflicts by 5 times.
To strengthen preventive measures to prevent labor disputes
the Institute of a labor ombudsman for regulating labor disputes has been established at NPP Atameken. The experience of Samruk-Kazyna JSC on the compilation of the Social Stability Index for subsidiaries will be spread. It allows you to monitor issues of satisfaction with working conditions, staff loyalty, satisfaction with internal communications. The trade unions, together with the judicial authorities, have begun work on the organization of centers for out-of-court settlement of labor disputes through the development of the institution of mediation.
As part of the third task for the protection of labor rights of workers, including on timely remuneration of labor, this year, the state labor inspectors conducted more than 2.5 thousand inspections, during which 9653 violations were revealed, of which 6858 were in labor relations safety and labor protection - 2334. Employers issued more than 3 thousand prescriptions and imposed about 2 thousand fines in the amount of 320 million tenges.
At the special control of the ministry - wage arrears to employees. According to the analysis, 30% of labor disputes occur due to late payment of wages.
Labor inspectors of 7 regions since the beginning of the current year have revealed wage arrears in 678 enterprises in the amount of 1.5 billion tenges. As a result of the measures taken, the rights of more than 13 thousand workers, who were paid 1.3 billion tenges, were protected. Today, in these regions, the debt amounts to 374.2 million tenges, of which 74% falls to 39 bankrupt enterprises (277.6 million tenges).
The fourth task is to drastically reduce industrial injuries and jobs in hazardous working conditions. The comprehensive measures taken by state bodies and employers in the field of labor protection have reduced the level of injuries by 16% over the past 5 years.
In order to reduce injuries and workplaces with hazardous working conditions, the Ministry, together with social partners, has developed a comprehensive roadmap for 2019-2021, including the introduction of a modern labor protection management system based on the prevention, identification, assessment and management of occupational hazards at industrial enterprises ; increasing the efficiency of state, internal and public control over compliance with labor legislation; transition to a qualitatively higher level of use of information technology to obtain objective statistical information.
At the same time, local executive bodies, employers and trade unions were tasked to take measures to ensure zero industrial injuries, ensure a gradual reduction in the number of workers employed in hazardous working conditions, and also by introducing modern technologies, approve roadmaps to reduce injuries and create safe working conditions with the definition of target indicators in enterprises with a high level of occupational risk (injuries, occupational diseases).
The fifth task is to conclude and implement Roadmaps for the controlled flow of company employees. In connection with the ongoing modernization and digitalization of production, according to information from companies in the country, up to 2025 more than 5 thousand workers are expected to be released.
In this regard, in order to retrain retrenched workers and facilitate their further employment in other areas, this year, work is underway on the signing by the local executive bodies and enterprises of the Road Maps on the controlled flow of company employees.
A list of 1,253 enterprises has been formed, employing more than 1 million workers. Roadmaps were signed with 694 enterprises, and another 559 enterprises will be signed before the end of the year.
The action algorithm for the implementation of the Roadmaps includes the definition of training centers in enterprises, colleges, which will be retrained; measures to promote employment through employment centers, including vocational guidance, facilitating voluntary relocation; the possibility of transferring reduced workers to having vacancies within the company.