From July 1, 2018, the mechanism for assigning a basic pension has been changed. She is appointed from the seniority of persons who have reached retirement age. If before July 1 of this year, all pensioners received the same basic pension in the amount of 54% of the subsistence minimum (hereinafter - PM), i.e. 15 274 tenges, since July 1 of the current year its size is established for each recipient depending on his seniority of participation in the pension system. The minimum level of the basic pension is 54% of the PM or 15,274 tenges. It is received by citizens who have experience of 10 years or less or who do not have it at all. For each year over 10 years, the size of the basic pension increases by 2%. The basic pension in the maximum amount of 100% of the PM or 28,284 tenges is received by citizens who have a work experience of 33 years or more. Thus, even in the absence of seniority and payments by the CAP, retirees are entitled to a basic pension. In addition, according to the draft law, the payer of the single cumulative payment may be a natural person carrying out business activities without registering as an individual entrepreneur, who simultaneously meet the following conditions: 1) pay the single cumulative payment; 2) do not use the labor of employees; 3) provide services exclusively to individuals and (or) sell exclusively to individuals agricultural products of their own private farms, with the exception of excisable goods. Thus, the legislation in the payment of a single cumulative payment does not limit individuals by category, status, and age, but establishes only the above conditions.
At the same time, the payment of the CAP is voluntary, and no measures of influence are provided. If it is impossible to pay the CAP (for various reasons), the registration of the activities of the CSP payer is suspended. Thus, the formation of debt for the payer of the CAP is excluded. As noted, the CAP will replace the four mandatories for all working citizens of Kazakhstan payment in one single payment. Instead of running on different instances and paying contributions, self-employed will be able to register their activities in one payment and begin to participate in the system of health insurance, pensions, and social insurance. Considering that according to the current legislation, the period for calculating social payments is a calendar month, the Draft Law establishes the minimum payment period for the CAP. That is, a single cumulative payment may be paid on a quarterly or semi-annual basis at the discretion of the payer. The introduction of the CAP for informal workers will allow them to gain access to all medical services, unlimited in amount and type, with the right to choose a medical institution.