The Intergovernmental Conference on the adoption of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) began its work on December 10, 2018, in Marrakesh (Morocco).
The conference is attended by heads of state and government of the UN member states, as well as heads of specialized UN organizations. The delegation of Kazakhstan includes the Vice-Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Population of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nurzhan Altayev.
The Global Conference was preceded by the 11th Summit of the Global Forum on Migration and Development (Global Forum on Migration and Development - GFMD), which was held December 4-7, 2018 (chaired by Morocco and Germany).
In addition, in the period from 8 to 9 December this year. about 70 side events on migration issues were organized.
Kazakhstan supports accession to the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regulated Migration.
The Global Compact recognizes the collective commitment of Member States to improving cooperation in the field of international migration. Despite a number of negative factors, migration can be a source of prosperity, innovation, and sustainable development. It is imperative that international migration unites UN nations, rather than separating them. The Global Compact establishes a common understanding, shared responsibilities and unity of purpose for migration.
The Global Compact is guided by the 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development Goals. Migration is a multidimensional reality that is of great importance for the sustainable development of countries of origin, transit, and destination.
The document is guided by international norms and standards in the field of human rights. By implementing the commitments made in this regard, Member States ensure the effective observance, protection, and fulfillment of the rights of all migrants, regardless of their status, at all stages of the migration cycle.
The Global Compact advocates for the best interests of the child in migration processes and emphasizes the importance of family unity. This treaty calls on the Member States to reduce child mortality, protect children from violence and exploitation, avoid injuries associated with family separation, detention or forced expulsion, and optimize the benefits of migration for children.
In his speech, the Deputy Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Population of Kazakhstan, Nurzhan Altayev, noted that the migration policy of the republic is based on the principles:
- the observance and protection of the rights of migrants, the inadmissibility of discrimination on the basis of race, nationality, language, origin, religion, political beliefs, membership of a particular social group;
- ensuring compliance with the provisions of laws in the field of migration regulation and international obligations.
On September 29, 2017, the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan approved the Concept of the migration policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2017-2021 and the plan of measures for its implementation.
The concept defines strategic goals, objectives, and directions of migration policy in conjunction with the expected prospects for economic, social and demographic development of the Republic of Kazakhstan, foreign policy, integration processes within the Eurasian Economic Union and global trends of globalization.