The state program for the development of productive employment and mass entrepreneurship for 2017–2021 “Enbek” is being implemented in three areas:
1 - provision of technical and vocational education and short-term vocational training;
2 - development of mass entrepreneurship;
3 - the development of the labor market through the promotion of employment and mobility of labor resources.
For 11 months of the current year, 632 thousand Kazakhstanis are covered by employment promotion measures. As of December 1, 2018, 484 thousand people were employed, including 76%, or 368 thousand, for permanent jobs.
In the first direction, the annual plan for admission to training with technical and vocational education is 21 thousand people. This measure is aimed at ensuring the first profession of school graduates who have not enrolled in educational institutions. As of December 1 of this year, 20,236 people were sent for training.
In addition, program participants are given the opportunity to acquire an additional specialty (profession) in the framework of short-term courses based at colleges and training centers of NPP Atameken.
This year it is planned to train 37.3 thousand people and for 11 months of 2018 41.5 thousand people or 111% of the annual plan, were sent for training. In the Republic, out of 34.4 thousand who completed short-term vocational training, 23.4 thousand people were employed.
Within the framework of the second direction, from the beginning of the year, 12,840 microloans were issued, of which 11,629 or 106% of the annual plan were issued in rural areas and 1,211 or 40% of the annual plan in cities. The average size of microloans in rural areas is 3.5 million tenge, and in cities - 11 million tenge.
In total, the recipients of microcredits in the countryside additionally created 11,664 jobs.
27.5 thousand people (98%) were covered with basic business training in the “Bastau-Business” project, including 18.4 thousand defended their business projects, of which 6.9 thousand received microcredits.
The third direction includes the following measures to promote employment: employment for social workplaces, referral to youth practice and public works, ensuring labor mobility through the provision of state support for resettlement from region to region.
As of December 1 of the current year, 129 thousand people were employed for subsidized jobs, or 114% of the plan for the year (22 thousand for social workplaces, 27 thousand for youth practice, 80 thousand for public work).
To increase labor mobility, 1,733 families were relocated from labor-surplus southern regions, with 6,367 people in them. 2,035 people were employed, or 66% of the participants of working age (3,071), of which 150 people are engaged in entrepreneurial activities.