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On the results of sociological monitoring of the socio-political situation and the attitude of the population towards state policy in the supervised industries

On the results of sociological monitoring of the socio-political situation and the attitude of the population towards state policy in the supervised industries [1]

Increased income

In the implementation of constitutional guarantees of particular importance are the income policy and the organization of social protection of the population.

Salary. From January 1, 2018, the minimum wage (MW) increased by 15.6%, which amounted to 28,284 tenges this year.

Analysis of the situation in the field of labor remuneration in the republic shows that the average monthly nominal wage per employee in Q2 2018 was 162,751 tenge, and grew by 8.5% compared to the corresponding period of 2017. The real wage index in the 2nd quarter of 2018 was 102.2% compared to the corresponding period of 2017.

The nominal cash income per capita in the first quarter of 2018 was at the level of 83 954 tenges and increased by 9.2% compared with the same period last year (76 903).

Social Security and Social Insurance

At present, a multi-level model of the social security system operates in the country, basically complying with the principles of a market economy and providing for the distribution of responsibility for social security between the state, the employer and the employee at the basic, compulsory and voluntary levels.

From January 1, 2018, in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of November 30, 2017, No. 113-VI "On the Republican Budget for 2018–2020", pension benefits for age and long service have been increased by 8%, the basic pension has been increased by 6 %. The size of the state basic pension payment was 15,274 tenge.

From July 1 of this year. changed the procedure for the appointment of a basic pension. The size of the basic pension ranges from 54% (15,274 Tenge) to 100% (28,284 Tenge) of the subsistence minimum, depending on the length of time that a particular recipient participates in the pension system.

For citizens who have a work experience of no more than 10 years or who do not have it at all, the basic pension, as before, is paid in the amount of 54% of the subsistence minimum or 15,274 tenges.

For each year spent over 10 years, the basic pension is increased by 2%. For example, with a length of service of 20 years, the basic pension is 74% of the LW, 30 years - 94% of the LW, 33 years or more - 100% of the LW (28,284 tenges).

As a result, as of September 1, 2018, the average size of the state basic pension payment is 25,744 tenge, the average size of pension payments, taking into account the basic pension payment, is 81,174 tenge.

According to the accumulative pension system

According to official data of the National Bank of the Republic of Kazakhstan, as of September 1, 2018, the total amount of pension savings amounted to KZT 9 805.4 billion. The number of individual retirement accounts of depositors amounted to 10.3 million accounts.

The amount of the paid state guarantee for the safety of compulsory pension contributions, taking into account the level of inflation in July 2018, amounted to 4.6 billion tenges, while the number of recipients was 37,425 people.

As a result of the modernization of the pension system, since the beginning of 2014, the following has been introduced:

- subsidizing the mandatory pension contributions for working women during their stay on leave for taking care of children up to one year, contributing to the increase in their pension savings, the achievement of an adequate level of pension provision. From the Republican budget in August 2018 to individual retirement accounts

74.6 thousand recipients of social benefits for the care of a child up to one year from the SSIF have transferred 346.5 million tenges, while for the entire period from 01/01/2014, the total amount of subsidies amounted to 19.4 billion tenges.

- Mandatory occupational pension contributions from employers' funds in favor of workers engaged in hazardous working conditions.

As of September 1, 2018 (for the period from January 1, 2014, to August 31, 2018), more than 10.3 thousand employers made obligatory professional pension contributions in favor of 476.3 thousand workers, the amount of savings amounted to 150.7 billion tenges.

The system of compulsory social insurance is developing. Since its introduction from the State Social Insurance Fund (hereinafter referred to as SSIF), as of September 1, 2018, a total of KZT 1,031.1 billion was paid in social payments due to disability, loss of a breadwinner, loss of work, pregnancy and childbirth, a child under the age of one year.

As of September 1, 2018, the average size of social benefits from the SSIF for disability as of September 1, 2018

14 183 tenges, on the loss of a breadwinner - 16 766 tenges.

In other areas of social security, the following situation has developed.

As of September 1, 2018, there are 13.9 thousand recipients of state special allowances according to Schedules No. 1 and No. 2 in the republic.

Since the beginning of 2018, the size of state special allowances for Schedules No. 1 and No. 2, taking into account the increase in allowance, amounted to KZT 22,656 and KZT 20,154, respectively.

Since January 1 of this year. as a result of the revision of the subsistence minimum structure, its value increased to 16% compared to 2017, which accordingly led to an increase in the size of state social allowances for disability, on the occasion of the loss of a breadwinner.

Thus, as of September 1, 2018, 668,212 people receive these benefits. Including: on disability - 509,163 people, on the occasion of the loss of the breadwinner - 159,049 people. As of September 1, 2018, the average size of state social disability benefits is 40,885 tenge, on the occasion of the loss of the breadwinner - 33,117 tenges.

In order to enhance social security, additional measures were taken to provide targeted social assistance and support.

a) in terms of social support for motherhood and childhood, as of September 1, 2018:

- 226.5 thousand people received a birth allowance (which is 3.1% more than the same period last year) in the amount of 23.3 billion tenges;

- The childcare allowance until they reach one year covers an average of 126.3 thousand people (which is 16.4% less than the same period last year) in the amount of 19.3 billion tenges;

- Allowance to persons raising a disabled child received 80.0 thousand people, amounting to 19.5 billion tenges.

b) in the provision of social support to vulnerable categories of the population

- targeted social assistance (TSA), from January 1, 2018, targeted social assistance was introduced to support low-income families, as of September 1, 2018, 488,082 people (94,302 families) are recipients of targeted social assistance, of the 73,665 people (18,482 families) are recipients of unconditional cash assistance, 414,417 people (75,820 families) are recipients of conditional cash assistance, while the number of appointments was 16,738.1 billion tenge. The average size of the TSA for the specified period amounted to - 4,286.7 tenge.

- housing assistance on July 1, 2018, was provided to 56.2 thousand families in the amount of 1,465.4 million tenges (compared to the same period in 2017 decreased by 1.0%). The average amount of housing assistance amounted to 4,341.7 tenge, which is 12.3% more compared to the same period in 2017.

The share of the population with incomes below the subsistence minimum in Q2 2018 was 4.7%.

- in the provision of special social services, the reform of the social services system is being carried out, standards in the provision of special social services in the hospital, semi-hospital and home care, temporary stay are being introduced gradually in the public, private and non-governmental sectors.

For the implementation of the Standards for the provision of special social services in 2017, KZT 978.8 million was earmarked for targeted current transfers.

As of January 1, 2018, the social service system covering:

- 23.4 thousand elderly and disabled people, including disabled children in 114 medical and social institutions of the stationary type;

- 14.2 thousand people in 99 semi-stationary organizations (daycare departments, rehabilitation centers);

- 55.7 thousand people in 506 departments of social assistance at home for the elderly and disabled, including children with disabilities;

- 13.2 thousand people in 26 Social Adaptation Centers for people who do not have a specific place of residence, including in the offices of night stay and social patrol;

- more than 1 thousand people in 6 Crisis Center-shelters for victims of domestic violence.

As of January 1, 2018, a social order for the provision of special social services was implemented in 16 regions among 130 SPA covering more than 9.2 thousand people, including private organizations.

- in social protection and creation of equal opportunities for participation in society for persons with disabilities, work in this direction is carried out in accordance with the Action Plan to ensure the rights and improve the quality of life of people with disabilities in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2012-2018 (hereinafter - the Plan) (reference: Republic currently resides

670 thousand people with disabilities, of whom about 416 thousand are of working age, children under 18 years old - 84 thousand).

Since 2016, the third stage (2016 - 2018) of the Plan has been implemented.

In 2017, the list of technical auxiliary (compensatory) means and special means of transportation was expanded, new typhotic means for persons with visual impairment were introduced; mandatory hygiene products; additional technical facilities for persons with disabilities, whose independent maintenance is difficult due to physical impairments; the time for providing services of sign language specialists to the hearing impaired was increased from 30 to 60 hours per year; For the first time, disabled people over 18 years old with a cochlear implant provide speech processor replacement services. Since 2018, the disabled self-impaired braille font, a collapsible alphabet in Braille, sewing machines, sewing needles are provided.

With the support of the Republican budget, in 2017, 488 units of road signs and signs were installed at the locations of organizations focused on servicing disabled people in 2017, 45 units of pedestrian crossings are equipped with sound devices.

The state of accessibility of facilities and services in the main areas of life of the disabled is being assessed. As of July 1, 2018, 31.5 thousand objects were passported, of which 21.1 thousand are subject to adaptation, 18.2 thousand objects have been adapted.

Labor Relations

In the labor sphere, measures are being taken to protect the labor rights of citizens, develop social dialogue, prevent and resolve labor disputes.

In order to improve labor relations, the Comprehensive Plan for the Prevention of Social Tension and the Resolution of Social and Labor Conflicts (PWC dated December 12, 2012 No. 1295) (hereinafter - the Plan) is being implemented. Within the framework of the Plan, a Labor Risk Map is formed monthly, in which criteria and a system of indicators are defined, allowing to determine the level of tension in labor collectives. As of September 1, 2018, the number of protests was 2 (Astana, Mangistau Region).

Work is continuing to conduct training for enterprises and organizations on the basics of the labor legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan. According to the results of the 2 quarter of 2018, the local labor inspection bodies of the regions, the Astana, Almaty, and Shymkent on labor law issues held 1,468 workshops.

Work is underway to improve production conditions (introduction of a risk assessment system, international standards for occupational safety and health, certification of enterprises for working conditions).

For reference: as of July 1, 2018, the number of objects certified for working conditions amounted to 3,459 (in the same period of 2017 - 651 objects), the number of implemented international and national safety and labor protection standards as of January 1, 2018, amounted to 1,752 (in 2016 year - 1 476).

As of September 1, 2018, 975 people suffered in the production (in the same period last year - 1,070 people), while the death toll was 133 people (in the same period in 2017 - 152 people).

In order to increase the interest of employers in the continuous improvement of working conditions, the provision on pension provision has been in effect since 2014, which provides for exemption of employers from the payment of obligatory professional pension contributions in case of eliminating harmful (especially harmful) and hazardous working conditions, confirmed by the results of certification of production facilities.

According to the local executive bodies, as of September 6, 2018, overdue (over three months) wage arrears in 28 enterprises amounted to KZT 428 million to 2,104 employees (as of September 6, 2017, in 18 enterprises there were 239.5 million. tenge in front of 1,772 employees).

The largest amount of wage arrears was noted in the city of Shymkent (192.8 million tenges), Turkestan (56.6 million tenges) and Zhambyl (55 million tenges) regions.

As of September 1, 2018, state labor inspectors conducted 5,743 inspections, during which 8,801 violations of labor legislation were revealed. According to the results of violations in relation to legal entities and officials of organizations, state inspectors of labor imposed 1,964 fines totaling 295.2 million tenges (as of September 1, 2017 - 326.2 million tenges).

In order to stabilize production processes, ensure labor rights and employment of workers, memorandums have been concluded between the regional akimats, employers and trade unions since the beginning of 2015. As of September 6, 2018, the number of signed memorandums was 115.1 thousand, of which 1.6 thousand were with large ones (coverage - 81.2%) and 113.5 thousand - with medium and small enterprises (coverage - 67, 9%).

The system of social partnership is developing, tripartite commissions operate at all levels.

January 31, 2018, between the Government, republican associations of employers and republican trade unions signed a new General Agreement for 2018-2020, aimed at the implementation of the objectives of the Third Modernization, set by the Head of State.

The General Agreement contains a set of issues of technological modernization of the economy, promoting formal and productive employment of the population, improving the quality of human capital, working conditions and labor protection, as well as industrial and environmental safety.

Work continues on expanding the coverage of enterprises and organizations in a system of collective bargaining relations and conducting its monitoring. As of September 1, 2018, the system of collective agreements covered 79.8 thousand enterprises or 34.1% of the number of existing enterprises. At the same time, among the large and medium-sized enterprises, 89.9% have collective bargaining agreements.

Labor market and employment

In accordance with the instructions of the Head of State, from 2017, the Program for the Development of Productive Employment and Mass Entrepreneurship (hereinafter referred to as the Program) has been implemented (PWC dated December 29, 2016 No. 919).

As of September 1, 2018, 430.3 thousand people were included in the Program participants, 354.9 thousand of whom are unemployed. (82.5%), self-employed - 75.3 thousand people. (17.5%).

The share of young people under the age of 29 is 34.5%, the share of women is 44.3%.

In the first direction, two mechanisms are used in the framework of training measures:

The first mechanism is a free professional technical education on the basis of colleges up to 2.5 years, first of all for young people from disadvantaged families who did not enroll in educational institutions after graduation.

The second mechanism is short-term courses of dual training, for a period of 1 to 6 months, based on colleges and training centers at enterprises that are included in the register of NPP Atameken.

All unemployed, self-employed people who need the skills and knowledge demanded in the labor market can undergo training.

  Mobile training centers have also been launched for pilot skills training in remote rural areas and villages.

At present, short-term training for up to 6 months is carried out in 421 organizations of TPE, in 7 mobile training centers in 5 pilot regions (Akmola, Aktyubinsk, EKO, Kostanay, Mangistau) and 354 training centers with employers that are included in the register of NPP Atameken.

In the framework of this area, 20 170 people continue their studies in VET. Program participants are provided with a scholarship, one-time hot meals, and travel material assistance.

As of September 1, 2018, 35,089 people (the plan for 2018 is 37,249 people) are directed to short-term vocational training in occupations and skills in demand on the labor market.

In the second direction, microcredit instruments have been expanded, both in the countryside and in the cities.

The main task is to ensure access to microcredit for self-employed and unemployed, including those who do not have collateral, to open a business or expand an existing one.

Microcredits are granted at 6% per annum, for a period of up to 7 years, up to 8000 MCI, while with insufficient collateral, a loan guarantee mechanism up to 85% for beginners will be applied, and up to 50% for existing entrepreneurs.

Training in the basics of entrepreneurship is conducted through Atameken Research and Production Enterprise under the Bastau-Business project.

In 2018, the project "Bastau-Business" is planned to reach 30 thousand people. On September 1 of the current year, 17.7 thousand people were sent.

In accordance with the Program, microcredit in cities is carried out through second-tier banks, microfinance organizations (hereinafter – MFO). The operator is JSC "FRP" Damu ".

In rural settlements and small towns, microcredit is provided through JSC “Fund for Financial Support of Agriculture”, credit partnerships and MFO. The operator is Agrarian Credit Corporation JSC.

In the framework of this direction, 6,341 microcredits were issued during the reporting period (the plan is 14,208), of which in villages - 3,734 people, in cities - 691 people.

In the framework of the third direction of the Program, the following tasks are implemented:

1) assistance in providing employment to the unemployed and self-employed: social vocational guidance, assistance in choosing a profession, advice on training and employment, finding suitable vacancies and assistance in employment, the creation of social jobs, the organization of youth practice, the organization of public works.

2) increasing the mobility of labor resources: as part of the task of labor mobility, it is planned to provide measures of state support to individuals who voluntarily relocate to citizens in the regions defined by the Government. This is due to the exacerbation of regional disparities, which will increase in the future.

For reference: the Government has identified four reception areas for internal migrants (North Kazakhstan, East Kazakhstan, Pavlodar, Kostanay regions) and five retirement regions (SKO, Zhambyl, Almaty, Kyzylorda and Mangystau regions).

3) the creation of a single digital platform for employment. A unified information base of the labor market, or the Labor Exchange, has been created for finding work, supporting the provision of employment for certain categories of citizens and labor mobility.

This work is carried out on the basis of the existing platform enbek.kz.

Within the framework of the third direction of the Program, during the reporting period, 354 thousand people were employed in total, including for vacancies.

(for permanent jobs) employed 239.5 thousand people. In addition, 19.0 thousand people or 113% of the plan were employed in social workplaces (the plan is 16.9 thousand people). The practice of youth-directed

22 thousand people or 103% of the plan. Assistance in employment for public works was rendered - 69.4 thousand people (the plan is 75.3 thousand people).

To reduce tensions in the labor market, local executive bodies are also working to create new jobs.

As of September 1, 2018, 236.1 thousand new jobs have been created, of which 78% are permanent (or 184.5 thousand jobs).

In terms of industries, the largest number of places created in construction - 30.6 thousand, in agriculture - 22.8 thousand, in trade -

21.8 thousand

In terms of regions, the largest number of jobs created accounted for:

- Almaty region - 23.8 thousand jobs;

- Almaty - 21.3 thousand jobs.

The unemployment rate for the 2nd quarter of 2018 compared to the same period of 2017 remained at the level of 4.9%.

The number of employed increased from 8,541.0 thousand people to 8,637.5 thousand people. The share of self-employed in the composition of the employed population decreased from 25.3% to 23.9%.

The youth unemployment rate in the 2nd quarter of 2018 was 3.9% (at the age of 15-28 years old) (the 2nd quarter of 2017 - 4.1%).

Regulation of migration processes (according to the competence of the Ministry)

In order to protect the domestic labor market, the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan annually establishes a quota for attracting foreign specialists to the republic.

The quota for attracting foreign labor for 2018 was approved by economic activity in the amount of 0.46% of the labor force.

In matters of attracting foreign workers, priority is given to highly skilled workers. As of September 1, 2018, the permits of local executive bodies in the Republic of Kazakhstan had 23,604 permits for foreign citizens to work, of which 77.9% of specialists (1-3 categories), 7.6% of qualified workers ( 4 categories), 8.4% - seasonal foreign workers, as well as 6.1% transferred as part of a corporate transfer.

The main countries of origin of labor migrants were China (6,954), Turkey (1,952), India (1,451), Great Britain (1,387) and Ukraine (983).

Relocation of oralmans. From 1991 to July 1, 2018, 299,761 families or 1,034,379 ethnic Kazakhs returned to their historic homeland and received the status of oralman. As of July 1, 2018, 5,411 families or 9,301 ethnic Kazakhs.

The majority of oralmans came from the Republic of Uzbekistan (49%), 40% came from the PRC, 4% came from Mongolia, 4% came from the Russian Federation, 3% came from Turkmenistan and 3.7% came from other countries.

The largest number of oralmans settled in Almaty - 31%, South Kazakhstan - 25%, Mangystau region - 10% and in Astana - 9%.

People of working age make up 65%, children under 18 years old - 26% and retirees - 9%.

Among the oralmans of working age, by the level of education, 15% have higher education, 26% have secondary special education, 53% have general secondary education, 6% have no education.

 

1 main results of the development of the supervised areas as of September 1, 2018

Changed on 20 December, 2018 - 17:27
Achievements over the years of independence of RK
Targeted social assistance
Best social projects implemented in Kazakhstan
The Republican contest «Enbekzholy»
Skills and jobs